Dissertations/Thesis

2022
Dissertations
1
  • GIONCARLOS SILVA MORENO
  • Social indicators, landscape and climate change: effects on emerging, reemerging and infectious diseases

  • Advisor : ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • Data: Jan 24, 2022
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  • The research addressed the relationship between environmental factors and environmental degradation, caused by anthropic actions on human health in the dynamics of the increase in emerging AND re-emerging diseases. The objective of the research was to verify the possible relationships between health and environment in the domain of confirmed notifications of emerging and re-emerging diseases, evaluating how environmental factors and environmental degradation can increase the incidence of some diseases in the municipalities of Southern Bahia. Seventy municipalities that make up the mesoregion of southern Bahia were evaluated, including the profile of the following emerging, reemerging and respiratory diseases: Dengue, Zika Virus, Chikunguya, Yellow Fever, American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis, H1N1 and H3N2. Data were obtained from the TABNET databases of the Bahia State Health Department (SESAB/BA) and the Health and Notification Information System (SINAN) of the Ministry of Health in the period between 2009 and 2019. The environmental data include the analysis of the land use and forests (Map Biomas Project), analysis of climatological data on precipitation and temperature (WorldClim), outbreaks of (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacial -INPE's Burning Program). Data were analyzed using statistics with generalized linear mixed models, multiple partial regression and redundancy analysis to assess the environmental and health relationship. The data presented showed a positive relationship between fire and burning outbreaks with the increase in the incidence of Dengue, Zika virus and Chikunguya, despite the low correlation with Yellow Fever, American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis, H1N1 and H3N2 for the municipalities in the study, it was a positive relationship was also found with the IDHM and cases of Dengue and a negative relationship with H1N1 and H3N2, there was no statistically significant relationship with the Gini index and the diseases in this study.

2
  • JOAQUIM LEMOS ORNELLAS
  • Resex Baía do Iguape as a Provider of Ecosystem Services in Carbon Separation: Modeling of Changes in Carbon Stock

  • Advisor : ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALEXANDRE CAMARGO MARTENSEN
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • IGOR EMILIANO GOMES PINHEIRO
  • RODRIGO LILA MANZIONE
  • Data: Feb 3, 2022
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  • Carbon is the fourth most abundant element on the planet and in natural systems it permeates all ecosystems in different ways. In mangroves, tropical ecosystems in flooded coastal regions and associated with the Atlantic Forest, the rapid cycling of nutrients and high photosynthetic rates allow for high atmospheric carbon sequestration and storage. Thus, this work aimed to model and estimate the concentrations of carbon stock/sequestration in the epigeal phytomass present in the mangroves of the Baía do Iguape Extractive Reserve in the municipality of Maragogipe/BA, Brazil. The temporal mapping of land use was carried out using images from the Landsat 5 satellites, TM sensor, and Landsat 8 OLI sensor, both with a special resolution of 30 m, the classification method used was not supervised by the technique of visual interpretation in the Arcgis software 10.8. Linked to the mapping, vegetation indices NDVI, sPRI and CO2FLUX were also produced to detect spatiotemporal changes in vegetation. Analyzes of the transition from area to land use between the mapped years and the quantitative of natural and anthropic classes were also carried out. The result of the mapping indicates an increase in the classes of mangrove and dense rainforest by 240 ha and 52 ha, respectively, between 1986 and 2020, linked to this, the mapping indicates an increase in natural areas by 186 ha. The classes that presented the highest quantitative transition in the entire analysis were the mangrove, rainforest and grassland areas, indicating that there is still conversion of natural classes. Regarding the spectral analysis of the mangroves, the NDVI suggests fluctuation in the vegetative vigor of the mangroves, with 2005 being the year with the highest NDVI values, while in photosynthetic production, there is a low in the years with major anthropogenic disturbances followed by a high in 2000 and 2020. the carbon flux, the index suggests that from 2005 onwards there was an increase in the sequestration rate over time, except in 2000, with the peak in 2020. The analyzes showed that the more vegetative density, the greater the amount of carbon sequestered by mangroves and that anthropic tensors and salinity can interfere in the spectral behavior of vegetation due to photoprotection mechanisms and water stress. Thus, it is considered that the increase in mangroves occurred far from anthropogenic impacts, suggesting the existence of coastal anthropobiomes in RESEX

3
  • CHRISTIANE FERREIRA DE SOUZA MACENA
  • How children (aged 7–11 years old) perceive and connect with nature in times of a pandemic

  • Advisor : JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • CHRISTIANA CABICIERI PROFICE
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • MARIA INÊS GASPARETTO HIGUCHI
  • Data: Feb 21, 2022
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  • Environmental problems are one of the most significant challenges that humanity currently faces and, in this scenario, children are important agents of transformation, since studies suggest that those who perceive themselves to be more connected to nature tend to present pro-environmental behaviors in adulthood. The study of the connectedness with nature aims to better understand and explain the elements that influence or interfere in the relationship between nature and human being. The connectedness with nature construct comprises a multidimensional concept of relationship with the natural world, referring to a cognitive, affective and experiential dimension. It contributes to the healthy development of children, promotes well-being and influences environmentally friendly behaviors. The present study investigated the perception and contact with nature of 50 children aged between 7 and 11, elementary school students in a private school in Porto Seguro (Bahia State, Brazil), before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. The qualitative research used the meta-presential focus group as a technique to collect data. Qualitative data were analyzed according to the Collective Subject Discourse (CSD) methodological strategy and quantitative data are presented as word clouds. The results reveal that children understand nature as a place that is sometimes distant from their daily lives. However, it comprises a place of fun, leisure and rest, beneficial for well-being, with emphasis on its functional and utilitarian importance. Aspects of the natural world related to biotic and abiotic elements were highlighted to conceptualize nature, in addition to natural phenomena. The biotic elements (plants) are among the most cited words. About 76% of children consider themselves as part of nature, which assumes a cognitive dimension of connectedness. Children's contact with nature (experiential dimension) happens while they play in natural environments, when they care for, help and live with the natural environment. In all, 80% of children believe that they had frequent contact with nature during the pandemic, with 28% pointing out that such experiences increased during the pandemic due to having more free time and realizing the importance of staying connected. In addition, 42% of children missed contact with nature during the pandemic period. Ten central ideas were identified in speeches that show children's interest in being in contact with nature in a post-pandemic context. Therefore, we assume those data can support public policies and educational strategies that favor greater contact and connectedness with nature, potentially minimizing the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on children.

4
  • MELINA PASSOS SANTANA FERRAZ
  • Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Settlement, Santa Cruz Cabrália/BA

  • Advisor : JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ANDREA KARLA ALMEIDA DOS SANTOS
  • CAROLINA WEBER KFFURI
  • GISELE LOPES DE OLIVEIRA
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • Data: Feb 22, 2022
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  • In Brazil there is a great biodiversity, especially of flora, and a considerable use of plants that stand out in popular knowledge. The use of plants for medicinal purposes is related to cultural habits and also to the difficulty of access to synthetic medicines by the population, making medicinal plants, sometimes, the only option available for treatment. The Ministry of Health has introduced the use of medicinal plants in the policies and programs of the Unified Health System (SUS). In this perspective, the objective was to present an overview of the use of medicinal plants with phytotherapic potential in the Brazilian Northeast; and, to carry out a survey of the medicinal plants used in the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Settlement (Lulão) in the municipality of Santa Cruz Cabrália/BA. For this, bibliographic surveys were carried out and methods and tests of the Use Value Hypothesis were used. The research was approved by the CEP/UFSB. Initially, a bibliographic survey was carried out focusing on ethnobotanical studies carried out in the Brazilian Northeast. In the second stage, interviews were carried out in the Lulão Settlement, using the “snowball” technique. When consented, the guided tour technique was also applied, or photos of the plants were requested for identification. It was possible to identify 54 native species from the Brazilian Northeast that are widely used in folk medicine, and that require additional research to prove the therapeutic efficacy and make a diagnosis of the active principles of these species, enabling safety in their use in Primary Health Care and authorization for simplified registration of the same as herbal drugs. The plants that stand out for having the highest Use Value Index (VU) by the Settlement community are: Pimpinella anisum (fennel), Aloe vera (aloe), Achillea millefolium (dipyrone), Mentha pulegium (pennyroyal), Plectranthus amboinicus (thick mint), Schinus terebinthifolia (aroeira), Amburana cearensis (imburana), Eugenia uniflora (pitanga), Bidens pilosa (needlebur), Ocimum gratissimum (tioyo), Persea americana (avocado), Cajanus cajan (andu ), Senna alexandrina (seine), and Cymbopogon citratus (saint grass). These species are used to treat various pathologies. The VU highlighted plants predominantly of shrub and herbaceous habit and botanical families usually cultivated near or in the backyard of the residences. In addition, the interviews point to an appreciation of more abundant cultivated species, with a predominance of exotic and naturalized species. So far, the results seem to indicate that people select plants for use as proposed in the Use Value Hypothesis. The greater use of exotic/naturalized species may point to a loss of local knowledge about native plants or the result of the proliferation of courses with exotic medicinal plants. It is important to highlight that the flora is also an important tool for promoting health and valuing traditional culture. It is expected that the results collected will contribute to the knowledge about species with phytotherapic potential in the Brazilian Northeast and to the local Farmácia Viva and contribute to the sustainable use of the natural heritage of the Atlantic Forest.

5
  • MICHELE CRISTINA MAIA
  • GENDER ISSUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: AN ANALYSIS ON HARASSMENT SITUATIONS ONBOARD

  • Advisor : CATARINA DA ROCHA MARCOLIN
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ANA PAULA ANTUNES MARTINS
  • CARLA ISOBEL ELIFF
  • CATARINA DA ROCHA MARCOLIN
  • JANA MENEGASSI DEL FAVERO
  • Data: Feb 23, 2022
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  • Moral and/or sexual harassment in the workplace is a social problem aggravated by gender inequalities. This scenario is no different in environmental sciences and can be enhanced when professionals need to work on board boats, ships, etc. This can happen because this environment is predominantly male and because of the isolation situation. Women, in general, face several barriers such as: gender prejudice, lack of opportunities/recognition and moral and sexual harassment. The general objective of this research is to carry out an analysis of situations of moral and sexual harassment experienced by people who work on board in Brazil, in the field of environmental sciences. The research project was approved by CEP/UFSB (CAAE: 39142320.90000.8467-Opinion number: 4.678.449) on April 28, 2021. This is an exploratory study that used a semi-structured research instrument with a total of 33 questions (closed and open). The online form was released and made available during the period 12th May to 7th August 2021. A total of 262 people participated in the survey. The research results are being analyzed with qualitative and quantitative approaches. For the quantitative analysis of the data, the MATLAB® program is being used for the statistical analysis and production of graphs. The qualitative approach to the data will be carried out from Content Analysis. This dissertation is being developed in three chapters: the first corresponds to the article "Situations of Harassment on Vessels in Brazil", whose objectives are to characterize a profile of victims and aggressors, seeking to identify differences in gender, race, sexual orientation, among others and the possible impacts on women's careers. The second chapter corresponds to the article “Experiences of harassment lived on boats”, a study with a qualitative approach that analyzes reports on experiences of moral and/or sexual harassment experienced on boats. And the third chapter, “How to prevent harassment on boats? A practical guide for managers”, we will discuss the importance of harassment prevention in the scope of environmental sciences and describe the main reasons that make it difficult to report situations of moral and sexual harassment. And we intend to build a practical guide for harassment prevention.

6
  • LEANDRO FERNANDES ANTONIO SANTOS
  • Protected areas and sustainable societies: enviromenmental education developed in the PA in Costa do Descobrimento - BA

  • Advisor : ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • MARIA RITA AVANZI
  • RODRIGO MACHADO
  • Data: Feb 23, 2022
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  • Environmental changes caused by human actions in the last century have called society's attention to the need to build alternatives for the future. Facing the socio-environmental crisis that affects us, two strategies are gaining ground on the national scene, Environmental Education and Protected Areas. The complexity of socioeconomic and environmental relations demands that Environmental Education develops in a critical and transformative way, going beyond environmental information. Protected Areas are more than “nature reserves”, they are spaces with great educational potential and to fulfill this role they must have Environmental Education assimilated into their structures. The Costa do Descobrimento in Bahia is a territory that presents different socio-environmental conflicts and several Protected Areas. In this work we analyze the Environmental Education practices intended and developed in these Protected Areas, and the conceptions of the managers of these units about these practices. Through the Protected Areas’ management documents, we investigated the presence and characteristics of the educational activities planned for these spaces. We conducted interviews with subjects who play a fundamental role in the construction and implementation of these practices and built a multi-response model questionnaire to be answered by these subjects. In addition to raising actions carried out through Discursive Textual Analysis, we seek to understand how the concepts Environmental Education, Environment and Sustainability are presented. After this survey, we will be able to understand if these concepts are close to what is foreseen in public policies on Environmental Education and, consequently, in the Treaty on Environmental Education for Sustainable Societies and Global Responsibility. The mapping of Protected Areas and their educational actions make it possible to plan actions and interventions aimed at deepening and expanding Environmental Education practices, with the objective of contributing, in the territory, to the transition to Sustainable Societies.

7
  • REGIANE DE OLIVEIRA ALMEIDA
  • Evaluation of the expansion of coffee and sugarcane cultures and their potential environmental impacts in the south of Bahia

  • Advisor : THYANE VIANA DA CRUZ
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • CLÁUDIA MENDES CORDEIRO
  • JOSEANE OLIVEIRA DA SILVA
  • SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • THYANE VIANA DA CRUZ
  • Data: Mar 11, 2022


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  • Brazil has become the world's largest producer and exporter of several products, such as: sugar, coffee and orange juice; the second largest exporter of corn and soybean oil and bran; and the second largest producer of soybeans and third largest producer of corn. The Extreme Southern Economic Region of Bahia (RESB) has favorable factors for the expansion of sugarcane and coffee commodities, as it is limited to the main sugarcane and coffee producers in Brazil. The main sugarcane producing municipalities are: Caravelas, Mucuri, Medeiros Neto, Nova Viçosa, Lajedão, Ibirapuã and Santa Cruz Cabrália. And the main coffee producers are: Prado, Itamaraju, Porto Seguro, Eunápolis, Teixeira de Freitas and Itabela. The expansion of these agricultural crops has an economic advantage for the region, with effects on GDP. On the other hand, it has little contribution to improving the IDHM of municipalities, which are below the state and national average. Furthermore, the expansion of these cultures did not guarantee the settlement of populations in the countryside and may contribute to the intensification of conflicts over land use with rural peoples and indigenous populations. Additionally, it can add pressure to natural resources such as vegetation and water resources, which are already affected by other human activities

2021
Dissertations
1
  • JOSCELIA MONTEIRO SANTOS DE BRITO
  • Perception on environmental sanitation: a case study in the historic village of Caraíva, Porto Seguro-BA

  • Advisor : ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • CATARINA DA ROCHA MARCOLIN
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • Data: Feb 5, 2021
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  • Environmental sanitation represents an essential tool for maintaining environmental quality, well-being and human health. On the other hand, the study of environmental perception can provide instruments to overcome impasses related to the theme, since it provides an awareness of the problems related to the lived environment. Thus, recognizing the lack of information about the sanitation issues in the study area, the investigation presented aims to analyze the environmental perception of the historic village of Caraíva residents (in Porto Seguro municipality, in Bahia state) regarding sanitation, in the perspective of contributing with information that can support education and environmental management programs and strategies, aiming to collaborate with health, quality of life and sustainability of the local population. For this, interviews were conducted including open and closed questions with 77 residents of residential and mixed-use properties (residential and commercial) and observations between the months of November 2019 and March 2020. Quantitative variables of the profile of the interviewees and sanitary conditions were submitted to descriptive statistics, considering the frequency and percentages of the information. Qualitative data, in turn, were interpreted and analyzed using the Collective Subject Discourse (DSC) technique and the central ideas found were distributed in frequency tables. With the aid of the RStudio statistical software, the data were subjected to the chi-square test to verify whether the sociodemographic variables and sanitary conditions are uniformly distributed and whether there is a dependency relationship between the qualitative results and the sociodemographic variables. As a result, it was found that sanitation conditions in the village are inadequate, with the use of approximately 39,86% of rudimentary cesspools, a high adhesion to bottled mineral water (89.61%) and a strong dependence on water from shallow wells (80,52%), being greater than the use of piped water (70,03%). Regarding solid residues, although they are destined for organic animals, the residents practice composting and separating cans and cardboard, although it was found that the habit of burning and burial is still used by 33.76% of the interviewees, being associated with the least educated, older age and in residential properties. In addition, 45,45% of the interviewees rated the environmental quality as reasonable (acceptable) and associated their level of satisfaction with aspects that negatively influence the environment due to inadequate sanitation, among them the lack of awareness and the excess of people due to of tourism. The protagonism of the residents regarding autonomy in solving problems of public interest was evident, however, the interviewees attributed to the government the responsibility for undertaking improvements in terms of sewage, water supply and solids. However, regarding the latter, the results pointed to an expanded understanding of the topic, since 32,47% of the interviewees believe that the management of waste is so much the responsibility of the individual public power, considering it a shared responsibility.

2
  • ENÉIAS MURILO CERQUEIRA DA SILVA
  • “Do you miss nature?”: connection to nature of 8–11 years aged children during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Discovery Coast, south of Bahia

  • Advisor : JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • IRANI LAUER LELLIS
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • THIAGO ALMEIDA VIEIRA
  • Data: Jun 28, 2021
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  • The connection to nature comprises the means by which the individual includes nature in his cognitive representation of the self, based on cognitive, emotional and experiential aspects. This work investigated the connection to nature of 8–11 years aged children, during the COVID-19 pandemic on the Costa do Descobrimento, in the Northeast of Brazil. We applied an online questionnaire (n = 55) and telephone interviews (n = 21) to collect the data, which were later analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Discourse of the Collective Subject (DCS) approach. When the children think of nature, they remember trees (n = 26; 15.75%) and like animals (n = 32; 19.39%). In the CSDs produced, the central idea “Having contact to nature” (n = 13; 61.90%) stood out and revealed what the children would have liked to have done, but could not do due to COVID-19. The children demonstrated positive affection descriptors that reflect their connection to nature. In addition to different dimensions of this connection, we perceive altruistic and biospheric environmental values in the analyzed speeches.

3
  • LÍVIA SEYMOUR GALAMA
  • Sustainable Societies and Environmental Education at the Pataxó Indigenous School of the Jaqueira Reserve

  • Advisor : ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • Data: Jul 9, 2021
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  • This work intends to understand the social and environmental educational actions of the Pataxó Indigenous School of the Jaqueira Reserve (Porto Seguro, BA), trying to correlate them with the concept of critical environmental education (EE). Using participant observation and the field diary as methods for data collection, the researcher followed the classes and helped the teachers of the multigrade classes of Elementary School I in the morning and afternoon periods on two days a week, between April and December 2019, totaling about 136 hours of field research activities. Complementing the participant observation and the field diary, the content of the Pataxó indigenous literary production found in the school library and used by teachers and students for reading activities was performed. Thus, the data found in the indigenous literature and the observations made in the field, recorded in the diary, were correlated with representative theoretical referenc es of critical EE. It was possible to notice that the activities of the Pataxó Indigenous School of the Jaqueira Reserve have characteristics of critical EE in most of its actions inside and outside the classroom, characterized as emancipatory. However, it was also clear that these actions precede the concepts of critical EA. The socio-educational actions carried out at the school constantly bring up socio-environmental and cultural issues in the activities, fostering a critical discourse for the strengthening and permanence of indigenous culture, explaining and debating issues such as environmental management, plant recognition, Pataxó graphics, use of natural materials, strengthening the people through costumes and rituals, storytelling, music, teaching the Patxohã (Pataxó language), maintaining the culture and the group through teaching pass ed from generation to generation, among many other means that characterize the teaching of the school as a fostering the development of sustainable societies.

4
  • WINNIE AGUIAR VIRGENS
  • Floristics, Phytogeography and Conservation in the Atlantic Forest: an experience in the cabrucas of the Pau-Brasil Settlement, Extreme South of Bahia

  • Advisor : JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • CAROLINA WEBER KFFURI
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • TAINA SORAIA MULLER
  • Data: Jul 13, 2021
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  • The Ombrophilous Forest strip belonging to the south of Bahia and the north of Espírito Santo is one of the main centers of endemism in the Atlantic Forest and has a vast richness of species. The cabruca system ensured a large part of the conservation of the region's biodiversity and wealth. The Pau-Brasil Settlement, Itamaraju-BA, has an area of 325 ha with cabruca cacao, established about 90 years ago. The objective of this research was to carry out the floristic characterization of the fragments with cocoa plantations in the area, to conduct a phytogeographic analysis, by comparing the place with the florists of other places in the Atlantic Forest and to elaborate a list of tradable native species, for generation of residents' income. The floristic survey was carried out from January 2019 to January 2020, through 32 collection expeditions. For identification, specialized literature, collection of herbariums and consultation with specialists were used. The classification of vegetation and phytophysiognomies followed the Technical Manual of Brazilian Vegetation and the analysis of the collected flora. The floristic comparison with other Atlantic Forest fragments was performed by similarity, using the Jaccard index (SJ) and the UPGMA mean association method for clustering, conducted in the PAST 3.09 software. The scientific names were checked and updated following Flora do Brasil 2020 online and IPNI. For the list of marketable native species, a literature search was carried out based on the potential use (eg medicinal, wood, food) of the species. Documents were collected on the Google Scholar platform. Then, a ranking of the species was generated, using the Index of Ranking (Ranking) to classify those with the greatest number of uses. The best ranked species were analyzed on the Web of Science, Portal Periódicos CAPES, Scopus and SciELO platforms in the period 2010-2020 and the Use Value (UV) was calculated. 1,800 samples were collected belonging to 96 families, 253 genera and 366 species, registered in four phytophysiognomies, inside cabruca sites: 1) cabrucas in forests; 2) cabrucas in riparian forests; 3) rock outcrop vegetation; and 4) cabrucas in disturbed areas. Four new species were found belonging to the families Araceae (2 spp.), Connaraceae (1 sp.) and Salicaceae (1 sp.), 67 spp. endemic to the Atlantic Forest biome and 15 spp. endangered. The vegetation is characterized as Submontane Dense Ombrophilous Forest and the settlement was grouped with a protected area of Sustainable Use: RPPN Serra do Teimoso Natural Reserve; but the floristic analysis showed low similarity between the fragments, confirming the heterogeneity of the biome. The search on Google Scholar gathered 4,476 materials and on the other platforms 4,106, with information on 159 (69%) of the 231 native species analyzed. 13 categories of uses were found and 29 species were selected with the highest Ordering Indexes (OI = 0.0013 to 0.0024). Among the species with the greatest multiplicity of uses are Eugenia uniflora (pitanga), Bixa orellana (annatto) and Eschweilera ovata (biriba) (VU = 0.0003- 0.0017).

5
  • JEORGE LUIS MARTINS DE OLIVEIRA
  • Transformations in the territory of the municipality of Eunápolis-BA after the installation of the pulp industry

  • Advisor : SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • ANDRÉ BURIGO LEITE
  • LEONARDO THOMPSON DA SILVA
  • Data: Jul 14, 2021
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  • The municipality of Eunápolis, located in the state of Bahia, became part of the state economy driven by the development generated by the pulp industry that was installed in the region since the 1990s. Thus, this research sought to demonstrate, in the form of articles, the environmental, economic and social changes that have occurred in the municipality in the past three decades. The first article, entitled: Eucalyptus, environment and the question of the field in the extreme south of Bahia, demonstrates how the insertion of eucalyptus in this part of the state became a vector of economic growth and, at the same time, promoted intense spatial transformations in the different municipalities. In addition, the study pointed out that the advancement of silviculture in the extreme south of Bahia has generated several impacts, ranging from irregularities in the environmental licensing process, disrespect for environmental laws and regulations, appropriation of indigenous areas to the disarticulation of family farming. In the second article: The urban expansion of Eunápolis and its relationship with the advance of eucalyptus monoculture in the extreme south of Bahia, the correlation between the demographic increase in the city and the advance of silviculture in the region was demonstrated. The article also demonstrates that even with the evolution of socioeconomic indicators, the demographic growth of the city, associated with the lack of planning, triggered social problems. In the third article: Spatio-temporal evolution of land use and occupation and analysis of the efficiency of the NDVI, NDBI and Built-Up indices, changes in land use in the municipality of Eunápolis were presented in the years 1996, 2007 and 2018, as well as an analysis, through equations, of the variations in the spectral indices of the NDVI (Normalized Density Vegetation Index), NDVI (Normalized Difference Built Index) and Built-Up Index for the years 2007 and 2015. The results found showed variation in all the classes of land cover during the studied period. The most significant changes were in the areas destined to the cultivation of eucalyptus, jumping from 3.67% in 1996 to 15.46% in 2018, and in pastures, reducing from 72.02% to 50.45% in the same period for the area of the municipality.

6
  • MATHEUS BEZERRA DE OLIVEIRA
  • Pedagogical Practices of Environmental Education at the Tupinambá Indigenous State School of Acuípe de Baixo, Ilhéus - BA

  • Advisor : ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • PABLO ANTUNHA BARBOSA
  • PEDRO FONSECA LEAL
  • Data: Jul 15, 2021
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  • The main objective of Environmental Education is to promote the conservation of biodiversity, also considering individual, social and community self-realization, through practices that develop benefits to the environment and the quality of life, so the recognition of its importance is every greater in every society. The present research seeks to identify how the pedagogical practices of environmental education take place at the Tupinambá Indigenous State College of Acuípe de Baixo in Ilhéus - BA. From this, it is intended to understand whether there are reflections in the educational institution of the legal and social effects provided for in the legal provisions that guarantee the promotion of environmental education, in addition to raising awareness to preserve the environment and retake the ethnic identity itself. A qualitative methodology was applied, through bibliographic research and data collection, through the Matrix of Environmental Education Indicators for the Assessment of Socioenvironmental Sustainability at School. In addition, it included questionnaires and interviews with teachers, managers and leaders of the school and the community around them, in an attempt to produce a case study of Indigenous Environmental Education at the aforementioned school that is located in a Tupinambá indigenous community. Contrasting the data obtained with the laws and Public Politics in force. Thus, the work intends to give a return to the Public Power and to educational institutions, to society, especially to the local population, about the reality of EA in an indigenous school, its specificities, needs and potential, and how it can be improved. It should be noted that during the research it was noticed that the existing EA in the school has important knowledge and practices that can be replicated in other schools and thus contribute to the implementation of a critical, transversal and continuous EA.

7
  • TEIDIANE SANTOS CARDOSO
  • Study of characterization of humic and fulvic acids in sedimentary profile and their relationship with the aquatic system

  • Advisor : MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • MARIO MARQUES DA SILVA JUNIOR
  • SERGIO ANUNCIAÇÃO ROCHA
  • Data: Jul 15, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The largest district of organic matter (MO) in soils, waters and sediments occurs in the form of humic substances (SH), a heterogeneous mixture of organic compounds aggregated by weak interactions of a hydrophobic nature and by hydrogen bridges. SH can be classified, operationally, according to the solubility in aqueous medium, humic acids, fulvic acids and humines. Humic and fulvic acids stand out, since they play an important environmental role, due to their characteristics, it allows an interaction with metal ions present in toxic substances responsible for the deterioration of natural ecosystems. The study of the interaction of these substances with metal ions has aroused great interest in the scientific community, since humic acids (HA) and fulvic acids (AF) trap these ions, stabilize and assist in degradation. Therefore, the understanding of their interaction mechanisms is of paramount importance for the development of methods for the active control of pollutant mitigation in the natural environment, as well as for obtaining materials that contribute to a better understanding of the causal relationship. effect between production processes and their environmental impact on aquatic ecosystems. In this sense, the present work aims to present a synthesis of the current knowledge on the fundamentals, structure and properties of humic and fulvic acids, as well as, the extraction, fractionation and the existing relationships between these substances and environmental contaminants (heavy metals) in aquatic sedimentary profile. To carry out this study, a systematic review was carried out, in which only scientific articles were selected, considering the search for titles (title, abstract, keywords). The descriptive survey took place in the following databases: Web of science, Scopus and SciELO, in the years 2015 to 2020. The keywords used were “humic acids, fulvic acids and sediments”, written in the English language to cover a greater number of publications. The search resulted in 245 articles, 122 of which were found on the Web of Science, 2 on SciELO and 121 on Scopus. Of the results found, approximately 70% are in the area of environmental sciences.

8
  • MARCELO SIMÕES TESSMANN
  • BIOPRODUCTS FROM ORGANIC WASTE: THE BIOECONOMY AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR NEW ENTERPRISES IN THE EXTREME SOUTH REGION OF BAHIA, BRAZIL

  • Advisor : MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • ANDRÉ BURIGO LEITE
  • ROGÉRIO OLIVEIRA DE MELO
  • Data: Jul 16, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Each year, the need for food increases as a result of population growth and consumption patterns and makes the expansion of agricultural production accelerate, generating more and more waste. The inadequate disposal of these residues is a problem in several regions of Brazil and it is not different in the extreme south of Bahia, which has a high agricultural production, mainly of sugarcane. This, in turn, generates a large volume of improperly discarded agricultural waste, which causes various environmental damage. Thus, the objective of this work was to initially evaluate the alternatives used in the reuse of agro-industrial residues produced by agricultural crops with potential application in the Extreme South region of Bahia, Brazil. In addition, this work aimed to analyze the viability of the production of briquettes (ecological firewood), using bagasse as a secondary raw material, residue from sugarcane processing, bringing through the commercialization of these produced briquettes a new income opportunity for the agro-industries of the Extreme South of Bahia, Brazil. In the first step, a systematic review was carried out by searching for scientific articles in the SciELO, Scopus and Web of Science databases, using the keywords "bioproduct" and "waste", in the years 2015 to March 2021. In the second step, an exploratory research, which aimed to provide information about its object and guide the formulation of hypotheses. Data collection was carried out through bibliographic research and direct market research with suppliers. To carry out the financial analysis of the enterprise and verification of Payback, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Net Present Value (NPV), an electronic spreadsheet was used. The results showed 93 agroindustrial residues derived from 48 agricultural products that generated more than 200 bioproducts, which demonstrates the potential of the theme for the creation of several bioproducts in the region, mainly with sugarcane residues. In the financial analysis, the sale of briquettes made from sugarcane bagasse presented a net profit, after income tax, of R$ 1,750,597.27 in 10 years, IRR of 73%, NPV of R$ 532,207.39, Payback of just 18 months and Minimum Attractiveness Rate above 18%, for the production of 54 tons/month of produced briquettes, reusing around 156 tons of bagasse/month. The implementation of this project indicates the possibility of a new source of income, in addition to bringing economic, social and environmental benefits to the region.

9
  • ANNA RAQUEL NUNES SANCHEZ
  • Agroecological cartography: theoretical-methodological conceptions and applied experience in the Discovery Coast, Bahia, Brazil

  • Advisor : THYANE VIANA DA CRUZ
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • THYANE VIANA DA CRUZ
  • FERNANDO RABELLO PAES DE ANDRADE
  • FRANCELI DA SILVA
  • LEONARDO THOMPSON DA SILVA
  • Data: Jul 23, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • There are some organic and agroecological agriculture initiatives in the Discovery Coast region, although data on their scope, social, environmental and economic aspects are scarce. This work developed an Agroecological Cartography, aiming to characterize and spatialize the agroecological production units certified in a participatory manner, on the Discovery Coast. First, an analysis was carried out on organic production in the State of Bahia, by Identity Territories, based on data from the National Register of Organic Producers, observing the spatio-temporal series from 2014 to 2020 and the types of certifying entities acting. It was found that organic production in Bahia grew a lot, having had strong adherence to the Social Control Mechanisms from 2015 and to the Participatory Guarantee Systems, from 2017. On the Discovery Coast, only three municipalities have certified organic producers: Belmonte, with two records associated with organic certification by business audit; and, Porto Seguro and Santa Cruz Cabrália, which concentrate agroecological production certified in a participatory manner. The second article consists of an integrative literature review on the term “Agroecological Cartography”, and a theoretical-methodological proposal for it, based on the literature on environmental planning. The integrative review indicated that there was still no theoretical-methodological proposition on terminology. The proposal interprets agroecological cartography as an instrument or tool for environmental planning, following methodological precepts associated with this process. Considering this, in the third article, the application of agroecological cartography on the Discovery Coast was carried out following the steps proposed: social articulation, definition of resources, delimitation of the unit of analysis, delimitation of the area of influence, data collection, preparation of maps and publication of maps. The results show that the areas visited add up to 21 hectares of certified agroecological area and that the properties analyzed are very close to important forest fragments of the Atlantic Forest, with numerous springs and water bodies in their surroundings; through the survey of social, ecological and economic indicators, several ecosystem services favored by agroecological production were verified, showing a high level of sustainability of these productive units. Cartographic production favored a better understanding of the relationship of the units of analysis with UC's, springs, water bodies, indigenous lands, rural settlements and other elements of the territory, which should collaborate with taking actions in regional environmental planning. It was concluded that regional socio-environmental development for the agroecological transition depends on long-term projects and even more accurate studies on local organic and agroecological production. Institutions that finance projects in the region should focus their efforts on Agroecological Rural Technical Assistance for family farming, as well as on scientific research aimed at monitoring the diversity of fauna, vegetation, as well as the climate and other elements associated with the sustainable agroecosystems of the Discovery Coast.

10
  • ISABELA CORDEIRO GUEDES QUEIROGA
  • Ethnobotanical and Floristic Survey of Oil Plants from the Atlantic Forest of Costa do Descobrimento.

  • Advisor : THYANE VIANA DA CRUZ
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • THYANE VIANA DA CRUZ
  • LUCIANO DA SILVA LIMA
  • ANDRÉ BURIGO LEITE
  • FABIANA ZANELATO BERTOLDE
  • Data: Jul 26, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Ethnobotany is a science that seeks to rescue the relationship of affinity between human beings and the plants of a community. Another point in conjunction with ethnobotany is the collection of plants of interest, being carried out through floristic surveys. It proposes the use of floristic research through the collection of plant species present in the study site, in order to articulate plans for conservation, preservation and even sustainable extraction. Considering the environmental resources and social arrangements of Costa do Descobrimento, this proposal is made. Thus, the objective of the present work was to carry out an ethnobotanical survey of oil species from the Pataxó da Jaqueira Reserve located in the city of Porto Seguro - BA, as well as to carry out a floristic survey of these species in this same area. and also in the rural community of Fazenda Mutum / Sítio Esperança, located in the municipality of Eunápolis - BA, promoting the possibility of income generation and diversification for the populations involved, with rational use of the natural resources present in these areas. This work was divided into chapters. The first chapter presents a bibliometric study of ethnobotanical works in Brazil based on scientific articles published from 2010 to 2020, in order to provide a theoretical contribution to scientific production, which can assist in understanding new topics in this area, and research that corroborate with the conservation of ethno-knowledge. The methodology of this study consisted of surveying articles published in the Scopus and Web of Science databases. This work was divided into two sections, where Section I presents indicators and descriptive statistics, which summarize and provide an overview of the work. Section II aimed to categorize the articles extracted from the databases. Each article was analyzed, identified and categorized in: regions of the country; biomes where the study was conducted; Social groups involved in the studies; and Purpose of Ethnobotanical Research. In the analysis by categories, it was found that the Northeast region concentrates the largest number of works carried out. Together, they also demonstrated the lack of work in regions such as the Midwest and South of the country. The Atlantic Forest has been the most studied biome in recent years in Brazilian research. Medicinal plants have been shown to be at the center of ethnobotanical research in recent years. The second chapter deals with the ethnobotanical survey of oil species in the Pataxó da Jaqueira Reserve. To carry out this work, 12 interviews were conducted with members of the communities, using a form to collect data on the species of oilseed plants. These forms were previously prepared with open and closed questions, later transcribed and measured. The results showed a rich diversity of species and different uses. Among them is Amescla, widely used for resin extraction, in rituals and in the treatment of various diseases. The third chapter of this work aimed to carry out the Floristic Survey of the oleaginous species that occur in areas of Atlantic Forest of the Pataxó da Jaqueira Indigenous Reserve. Botanical collections were made in the area with the participation of Reserve residents. The collected vegetable material was dehydrated and pressed. The identification of specimens was carried out by means of specialized literature, by comparison with exsiccates from Herbariums of institutions such as UESC through consultations with specialists. Among the species collected and identified are: Árvore do Sangue Vermelho (Pterocarpus rohrii Vahl); Cupion (Guianense Vismia (Alblet) Choisy); Baba de Boi (Cordia); Piaçava (Attalea funifera Mart.); Licuri (Syagrus coronata Mart.); Canela de velho (Miconia albicans (Sw.) Triana); Amescla Mirim (Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand); Itapororoca -Mangue Branco (Clusia nemorosa G. W. Meyer). In this stage, a review of two important species in the region is also presented. A species relevant to the Pataxó da Jaqueira Reserve and a species to the Mutum Farm / Sítio Esperança, which has potential areas of Atlantic Forest, where botanical collections were carried out.

11
  • DIEGO SANTOS DE ANDRADE
  • Modeling the local wind effect on the hydrodynamics of the Buranhém River estuary and its coastal plume 

  • Advisor : MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ANGELO TEIXEIRA LEMOS
  • EDUARDO SIEGLE
  • FABRICIO BERTON ZANCHI
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • Data: Jul 28, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Understanding the interaction between physical forcings such as tides, river flow and winds is essential in studies of estuarine and coastal hydrodynamics. It is expected to contribute to possible measures of environmental management, since beaches are the main tourist and economic attractions of Porto Seguro and, at the same time, influenced by the multiple phenomena that occur in the hydrographic basin of the Buranhém river, its estuary and the marine area. The objective of this work was to model the effect of local wind and its interaction along with river discharge and tides on the hydrodynamics of the Buranhém river estuary (Porto Seguro, Bahia, northeastern Brazil) and its coastal plume. The numerical model Delft3D was chosen, which is justified by the fact that it was already calibrated and validated for the study area regarding the effect of tides and river discharges, in Rocha (2019). In the present study, the vertical discretization with 10 Z layers was adopted, in order to try to model the vertical salt stratification, identified in the field especially under neap tides. For the calibration and validation steps, real wind data were incorporated. A quantitative evaluation of the results was adopted, using the statistical parameters Skill and RMSE. To understand the possible effects of wind and plume reproduction, a freshwater flow of up to 75 m3/s was considered, along with the following conditions: no wind, NE, S and SE winds, and intensity of 10 m/s for these three scenarios. In addition to the locations used in the calibration and validation (P1 - Quinta do Porto; P2 - Navy and P3 - Marina Buranhem), other points were incorporated in the adjacent coastal region, such as Recife de Fora (P6) and beaches where bathing analyzes are performed, such as Mundai (P4), Taperapua (P5) and Mucuge (P7). The results were exclusively representative of surface conditions, since modeling in all vertical layers was not possible. For the calibration and validation periods, the local wind effect was of secondary importance in relation to tides and river discharge on the hydrodynamics of the Buranhém river estuary. On the plume simulations, under idealized conditions, results suggest that the wind can influence the estuarine hydrodynamics. The geormorphology and topobathymetry of the region were relevant factors in the exchange of water between the hydrographic basin, the estuary and the adjacent marine region. An example of this is the presence of beachrock/sandstone at the mouth of the studied system, which reinforces the importance of a reliable representation of the characteristics of the environment for an adequate modeling. In the adjacent coastal zone, the impact of the local wind is evident when comparing the results for the considered scenarios. Under NE wind conditions, the plume is expected to reach coastal regions south of the mouth of the Buranhém River, such as Mucuge Beach (P7). On the other hand, under S and SE wind conditions, the plume tends to move to northwards, without being able to directly reach Recife de Fora (P6) in the simulated conditions. The plume moved very close to the coastline, where beaches such as Mundai (P4) and Taperapua (P5) are located. Longitudinal and transverse velocity components in the study area reached up to 0.6m/s. In the adjacent coastal environment, the influence of tides on current modulation was evident. Under extreme events of flow and wind, the Buranhem river plume can affect the estuarine hydrodynamics, in addition to the coastal one, including stretches of the coastline where important tourist attractions in the municipality are located.

12
  • NILSON MARQUES SILVA JUNIOR
  •  Evaluation of the antioxidant and photoprotective potential of three plant species collected in the Atlantic Forest of Southern Bahia

  • Advisor : LUCIANO DA SILVA LIMA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • BRUNA REHEM
  • SERGIO ANUNCIAÇÃO ROCHA
  • Data: Jul 28, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Ultraviolet radiation has different wavelengths and can have different actions on organisms. Among the actions caused by this exposure are skin cancer, melasma and premature aging. To mitigate the harm caused by the incidence of solar radiation, there are substances with a photoprotective action, capable of reducing these impacts. Thus, several studies have evaluated the use of plants, with possible photoprotective activity. This incidence of sunlight, causes the production of oxidative compounds harmful to tissues, triggering problems of inflammatory disorder, which can lead to and / or aggravate various diseases. The plants, present diverse bioactive photoprotective compounds, with capacity to reduce the harmful impacts caused by the radiation, among them the phenolic ones. To evaluate this activity, phenolic compounds were extracted from three plant species from the Atlantic Forest in southern Bahia: Copaifera lucens Dwyer, Schnella angulosa (Vogel) Wunderlin,, Miconia albicans (S.W) Triana. Using centroid simplex planning, it aimed to identify the best solvent mixture (methanol, ethyl acetate and chloroform) in the extraction of phenolic compounds and to evaluate the photoprotective activity in vitro by ultraviolet spectrophotometry. The tests were performed in triplicate. Through the extraction carried out from the planning, it can be seen that in the Copaífera lucens Duyer, the ternary mixture of methanol, ethyl acetate and chloroform showed greater extraction of phenolics and in Miconia albicans (SW) Triana the binary mixture of methanol and acetate ethyl, was the one that best extracted phenolic compounds.

13
  • THAISE ALVES DOS SANTOS
  • Influence of dumps and landfills on the contamination of abiotic natural compartments by potentially toxic metals

  • Advisor : NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • DANILO JUNQUEIRA LEÃO
  • MARCOS DE ALMEIDA BEZERRA
  • NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • Data: Jul 30, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The generation of solid urban waste (MSW) and the contamination of natural resources by toxic metals from these wastes have increased and have become a major concern over the years. The problem of MSW management is worldwide, as few countries have effective waste treatment and because waste can cause various environmental damage, including globally, when directed to unprepared units such as controlled landfills and dumps. Decomposing garbage releases various contaminants, including toxic metals, which usually reach the soil at first, but can migrate to other natural compartments and start to interfere with biochemical and metabolic processes in ecosystems. The resolution of the problems caused by garbage depends on the joint action of several factors, among which the production of quality scientific knowledge stands out to support decision making and the implementation of management plans, such as those established in the National Waste Policy Brazilian Solids (PNRS). Despite the PNRS having defined that Brazilian dumps should be extinguished in the short term, many municipalities still use this type of street as the final destination for their waste, as is the case in the city of Porto Seguro, Bahia. The Porto Seguro dump is located in a Permanent Preservation Area (APP) located in the Buranhém River basin, close to residences and on top of a land that houses important underground water sources, thus representing a potential source of contamination for natural resources and community in the region. Thus, this study was divided into two parts: in the first, a scientometric analysis was carried out to evaluate the production of scientific works that investigated the contamination of water, soil and / or sediment by toxic metals resulting from the decomposition of municipal solid waste in landfills and landfills, aiming to identify whether the studies had a diagnostic or mitigating character and justify the importance of both; in addition, the evolution of Brazilian scientific production on the topic was also observed after the implementation of the PNRS. In the second section, a diagnostic study will be carried out in the area near the Porto Seguro (BA) landfill to verify the hypothesis that the presence of the irregular garbage deposit contributes to the increase in the concentrations of toxic metals in the water and sediments of the Buranhém river and in the soil of the areas adjacent to the dump, the concentrations of toxic metals chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, cadmium and lead in water, soil and sediment will be evaluated, and water quality parameters, regulated by CONAMA Resolution 357/2005.

14
  • JILTON DE SANTANA
  • Environmental taxation and the public budget in the visitation "fee" of Recife de Fora Municipal Park in Porto Seguro/BA

  • Advisor : ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • CATARINA DA ROCHA MARCOLIN
  • PATRICIA AURELIA DEL NERO
  • JOSÉ MANUEL IGLESIAS CASAIS
  • Data: Oct 25, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The picture of environmental degradation resulting from anthropic activities, especially since the Industrial Revolution, has been motivating scientific studies that point to the need to adopt urgent measures in order to mitigate such impacts, in order to keep them within the limits of resilience of ecosystems. One of these measures, adopted by some National States, responsible for the protection of the environment, has been the institution of environmental taxation, based on the polluter-pays principle, which is a basic principle for the institution of policies aimed at preventing and preventing damage. in order to dissuade the producer from undertaking, or motivating him to reduce, an activity that causes socio-environmental damage, and also aimed at redistributing the costs of damage to its causes, thus avoiding the unfair imposition of these costs on society and nature. In this context, the present research analyzes the fundamentals of environmental taxation, focusing on taxation in its extrafiscal essence, having as its main function the incentive to change behaviors by polluting agents. It analyzes more strictly the fundamentals and application of environmental taxation in Brazil and its relationship with the public budget, with emphasis on the finality of the environmental tax and the application of the collected revenue. The research proposes to make a case study, verifying: a) the nature, legality, legitimacy and purpose of the “fee” for visiting the Recife de Fora Municipal Natural Park (PNMRF), located in the municipality of Porto Seguro/BA, detailing its structural elements and identifying the application of the collected revenue, based on the analysis of the municipal public planning and budgeting instruments; b) through the results achieved, observe whether the tax species established in the PNMRF fits within the parameters of environmental taxation and suggest tools for improving the fiscal, budgetary and financial management of the Park.

15
  • MARCONI VIEIRA DA SILVA
  • Proposal of intertown arrangements for the integrated management of urban solid waste in the towns of Costa do Descobrimento, Southern Bahia, Brazil

  • Advisor : ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • Data: Nov 5, 2021
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Despite the enactment of the National Waste Policy, many towns face difficulties in complying with it, in order to perpetuate the negative impacts caused by the inadequate management of urban solid waste. These difficulties are enhanced by technical, financial, managerial and political issues, but which can be minimized or circumvented through the formation of an intertown consortium. In this context, this research aimed to develop an intertown arrangement system for integrated waste management, aiming to support the implementation of an intertown consortium between the eight towns of Costa do Descobrimento, Southern Bahia, Brazil. Quali-quantitative assessment of waste generated in urban areas was carried out; on-site assessment of final disposal sites using the Waste Landfill Quality Index technique; definition of per capita waste generation; population projection estimate over a twenty-year horizon through the use of different mathematical models, and the spatial analysis of the territory to prioritize the criteria for defining the arrangements. The results showed that 75% of the towns in the studied region do not have initiatives based on the hierarchy of prevention, reduction, reuse, recycling, treatment, or environmentally adequate disposal of urban solid waste, only collection and removal from urbanized areas, and 25 % of them started in 2021 the disposal of waste collected in landfills. The territorial analysis resulted in the proposal of two optimized arrangements, both with a single waste final disposal unit and another 26 waste management units, enabling relevant gains in scale and technical sustainability, economic and operational. Thus, the results of the characterization of the waste generated in the towns and the identification of problems to be overcome, added to the analysis of regional characteristics, led to the proposition of the best feasible arrangement for consortium of the towns involved.

2020
Dissertations
1
  • MARIVAL PEREIRA DE SOUSA
  • Diagnosis of urban tree planting in Almenara-MG

  • Advisor : ALLÍVIA ROUSE CARREGOSA RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLÍVIA ROUSE CARREGOSA RABBANI
  • CRISTIANA BARROS NASCIMENTO COSTA
  • MARCOS VINÍCIUS MEIADO
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • Data: Jan 17, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Afforestation is fundamental to the well-being and quality of life of the urban population, but some aspects must be considered in order for all social and environmental benefits to be achieved, as the lack of planning negatively affects the quality of life of their people. residents, especially in small towns, especially conflicts between tree individuals and urban equipment and furniture. Therefore, the present work proposed to study a city in the interior of the state of Minas Gerais, in order to analyze the afforestation, identifying the floristic composition, the phytosociological structure and the main conflicts between tree individuals and urban infrastructure. The diagnosis of afforestation will be made through measurements such as: width of the streets, sidewalks, central flowerbeds and area of squares. In the survey, data will be cataloged of all tree individuals with a minimum height of two meters within these urban spaces, and each one of them was evaluated according to their geographical position, origin, size, sanitary condition, planting location, dendrometric aspects, pruning, condition of free space of the plant, root system, density, tree cover, among others. All information will be georeferenced in GIS environment, to elaborate thematic maps for each of the selected criteria, which allowed the visual identification of distributive patterns. Observation of the information may indicate the possibility of multicriteria analysis to assist in the planning and management of the city's afforestation.

2
  • PRISCILA FELIX ALMEIDA
  • Geoenvironmental Zoning of the Municipality of Teixeira de Freitas, Brazil.

  • Advisor : JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • DANILO PAULUCIO DA SILVA
  • JOANNA MARIA DA CUNHA DE OLIVEIRA SANTOS NEVES
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • Data: Feb 4, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Geoenvironmentalzoning gathers information from the physical environment such as relief, soils, climate, vegetation cover, hydrography and anthropic features, allowing an evaluation of the distribution and variety of these variables. Therefore, it provides a valuable contribution to territorial planning by considering the presence of human occupation and activity, adding reflections on the relationship between society and nature. This work aims to contribute to the planning of land use and occupation through the geoenvironmental zoning of the municipality of Teixeira de Freitas, Brazilbased on the systemic approach. Thematic cards and other products will use RapidEye digital images processed with QGIS version 2.18.9 ® software. All cartographic products will be generated at the 1: 50,000 scale. An inventory of the physical environment will be made gathering aspects such as relief, geomorphology, geology, hydrography, pedology based on the existing bibliography, data available in databases (IBGE, INPE, Bahia Southern ForestForum, among others), in satellite imagery and field visits. This survey will be integrated into the Natural Systems Map. It will also be inventoried the land use and occupation and the socioeconomic aspects, which will be integrated in the Map of Anthropic Systems. These two systems will originate the Map of Environmental Systems, whose analysis will allow to identify the state of Environmental Vulnerability of the territory. The articulation of the Environmental Systems Map and the Environmental Vulnerability Map for the definition of use propositions and restrictions will allow the elaboration of the Geoenvironmental Zoning. Subsequently, establishing with the help of legislation, the functionality of each zone.

3
  • ELISSANDRO SANTOS ROCHA
  • STUDY ON WATER QUALITY OF THE ITANHÉM RIVER, BETWEEN MUNICIPALITIES OF MEDEIROS NETO AND TEIXEIRA DE FREITAS, IN THE EXTREME SOUTH OF BAHIA.

  • Advisor : LUANNA CHACARA PIRES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • JORGE LUIZ FORTUNA
  • JOANNA MARIA DA CUNHA DE OLIVEIRA SANTOS NEVES
  • Data: Feb 5, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Water, according tothe terms of article 1, item I, of Law 9,433 / 97, is considered a public domain resource.Thus, the establishment of quality standards is an extremely important measure, since this resource is indispensable for the maintenance of life, as we know it on Earth. In this context,the main objective of this work was to evaluate the water quality of the Itanhém river, taking into account the effluents discharged directly into the body of water,in the stretch of the road between the counties of Teixeira de Freitas and Medeiros Neto,located in Southern part of Bahia state. Usingthe HI 9829 HANNA Instruments® multiparameter probe, with readings taken on the spot to obtain the following parameters: ORP (Oxidation and Reduction Potential), OD (Dissolved Oxygen), pH (Hydrogen Potential), salinity , temperature, resistivity, conductivity and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids). In addition to these parameters, laboratory analyzes were performed to obtain Ammonia, Nitrite and Nitrate, BOD, and Thermotolerant Coliformsconcentrations. All the parameters analyzed were used to measure the water quality of the highlighted river, both near the urban agglomerations, where effluent discharges with high loads of organic matter were found, which contribute to the deterioration of water quality, as well as far from these urban areas, which are thereforefarther from effluent discharge points. This procedure was performed in order to obtain comparative data between points near the effluent releases and others more distant from them.

4
  • SARAH LEITE GOMES
  • Environmental Education in the process of Territorialization in Health of the municipality of Santa Cruz Cabrália / BA.

  • Advisor : ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALAMO PIMENTEL GONCALVES DA SILVA
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • LINA RODRIGUES DE FARIA
  • Data: Feb 7, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Environmental Education emerges as one of the possible ways to raise awareness and bring changes in the way society sees and deals with environmental problems. Thus, promoting this concept for Community Health Agents-CHAin the municipality of Santa Cruz Cabrália -BA is significant. These subjects work in contact with the community, establishing a bond and assuming an important role in health promotion in a living territory that is constantly changing. In thissense, this project had as main objective: Sensitize the Community Health Agents of the Municipality of Santa Cruz Cabrália -BA about the living conditions, human and environmental health of their professional territory through socio-environmental educational processes (Environmental Education). And as specific objectives: To characterize the field and the study scenario regarding environmental variables from the perspective of the research subjects; Identify obstacles and / or challenges present in the development of a training process in Environmental Education for the Territorialization of Health; Train the team of Community Health Agents of the municipality on present, latent risks and potentialities of the Health Territory; To analyze how much the conception of the Community Health Agents was altered with the environmental educative process carried out. The investigation was performed after consent of the competent managing body and signing of the Free and Informed Consent Form by the subjects. It was used qualitative approach methodologies in an action research with the development of six workshops to CHAs to raise awareness about the construction of the idea of territory in the labor process. The analyzed results were important for understanding of the studied phenomenon and leadin great contributions for the improvement of the municipal population quality of life. Subjects are able to provoke direct interventions by strengthening other social actors in the promotion of critical environmental education.

5
  • FRANCIS PAOLA HERNÁNDEZ MENCÍA
  • AGROCLIMATE ZONE IN EUCALYPTUS PLANT FOR EXTREME SOUTH AND COAST OF DISCOVERY OF BAHIA STATE, BRAZIL.

  • Advisor : FABRICIO BERTON ZANCHI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • FABRICIO BERTON ZANCHI
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • LEONARDO THOMPSON DA SILVA
  • Data: Feb 7, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Information on climatic distribution, soil, and relief applied to geoprocessing are important characteristics andinformation that allow good planning of activities in an area. The objective of this study was to describe thecharacteristics of precipitation, temperature, humidity, evapotranspiration, water deficit, soils, slope and altitude in theFar South and Discovery Coast, Bahia, Brazil, generating maps with each characteristic. The generated maps wereelaborated through Geoprocessing techniques. The precipitation map, Temperature were the result of a global databaseavailable from WordClim, soil data from the State Institute of Environment and Water Resources-INEMA and forSRTM slope and altitude images available from the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation EMBRAPA. Theresults allowed us to observe the areas with the highest rainfall and areas with the highest water deficit. Based on theprepared maps, the northeast and southeast show higher rainfall in the year and annual high temperatures, this zone isfavored by the flat and undulating relief, with well drained soils and low altitudes that allow the development of crops;Although the southeast has higher precipitation, it can be observed that it presents higher evapotranspiration, waterdeficit and high temperatures.

6
  • PEDRO HENRIQUE DIAS MARQUES
  • Marine Space Planning, Territory and Governance of Caravelas - Nova Viçosa Complex.

  • Advisor : SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • LEONARDO THOMPSON DA SILVA
  • SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • SINDIANY SUELEN CADUDA DOS SANTOS
  • Data: Feb 10, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • This research aimed to provide essential information for the Marine Space Planning of the Caravelas - Nova Viçosa Complex. To this end, a systematic review of the literature on the subject was carried out in the first chapter, in which it was noted that the countries of the southern hemisphere have a inferiority of scientific publications on the subject, which reinforces the need to promote initiatives and publications on Marine Space Planning in these countries. Moreover, from the learning of the results of chapter, it can be said that the survey of sociocultural transformations of the maritime territory is fundamental for the ordering of the sea and that participatory approaches are important tools for collecting this data. In this sense, the second chapter highlights what were the main cultural and economic transformations that occurred in the study area, lists what are the main threats and maps the environmental quality of the territory under the perception of local artisanal fishermen. Indeed, both chapters provide relevant information for Marine Space Planning in the study region, which comprises a priority area for Brazilian marine conservation.

     
7
  • ADRIANA TIEMI RAMOS OKUMURA
  • DETERMINING WATER QUALITY OF A TROPICAL RIVER UNDER THE PERSPECTIVE OF SOIL USE AND VEGETABLE COVERAGE.

  • Advisor : ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • FÁBIO ALAN CARQUEIJA AMORIM
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • Data: Feb 13, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Land use by economic activities as well as water quality. This study is determined the physical, chemical and microbiological systems in the materials of the quantities of the waste or pollutants, defects in the supply of the liquid of Frades, BA. Concentrations have been compared to the standards established by CONAMA Resolution No. 357/2005 and related to land use and vegetation cover. The results were analyzed as indicators OD, pH, BOD and total phosphorus in accordance with the values established by CONAMA 357, in the provinces of Guaratinga and Itabela municipalities. In addition, the presence of thermotolerant coliforms was detected in all samples, which can be explained by the constant presence of cattle in the places and the release of untreated domestic sewage. In the multivariate analysis it was observed that the river presented distinct behavior for the parameters in the dry and rainy period. Having a nitrogen series correlating with the rainy season and a turbidity with the dry season. With the help of tools from the Geographic Information System, a 5 km buffer was used for each river bank, the land use and vegetation cover were not calculated, revealing a strong effect suffered by the river.

8
  • URÂNIA SOUZA DE JESUS
  • Não enviado pela discente

  • Advisor : ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • CRISTIANO DA SILVEIRA LONGO
  • DANILO CHRISTIANO ANTUNES MEIRA
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • Data: Feb 14, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Factors such as disorganization of cities, fragility in basic sanitation, deficiency in waste management become favorable to the proliferation of diseases such as dengue, zika and chikungunya. The Aedes aegypt mosquito, the main vector of arboviruses, easily finds favorable conditions for its development in inadequately exposed urban solid waste (MSW). In 2016, in Brazil, about 42% of MSW had inadequate final destination, showing that the country still needs to improve the ways to deal with the issue. In Porto Seguro, the reality is not different in the national scenario, the municipality does not have a landfill and the MSW are exposed in dumps, and has no policies aimed at non-generation, reduction, reuse and recycling of waste. Parallel to this scenario, data from the Ministry of Health showed that in the first months of 2019 there was a 149% increase in notified dengue cases in Brazil compared to the same period in 2018, from 21,992 to 54,777 cases. Data from the 2019 Reporting Disease Information System (SINAN) show that in Porto Seguro there has been a decline in the number of dengue cases over the past 10 years, however, approximately 8,000 cases (7,737) have been confirmed, and of these, 9 died. These two scenarios (the management of MSW and the epidemiological profile of arboviruses) indicate that the umbilical relationship between man and the environment is fragile, since notification of arboviruses indicates that the vector has found adequate reservoirs for proliferation. . In this sense, the present study aims to analyze the relationship between arboviruses and MSW, identifying their impacts on health and the environment, to propose an integrated management of MSW in Porto Seguro based on the application of related legislation and environmental education. This is a descriptive-analytical study, which analyzed the epidemiological data of Porto Seguro arboviruses, from 2009 to 2018, consolidated in SINAN. The significant decline in cases and deaths from dengue in Porto Seguro, shows that the actions taken by the health sector have been relevant, however, to achieve the total elimination of mosquito outbreaks, the action of the Public Service Secretariat of the municipality, sector responsible for MSW management. Based on the technical and operational standards recommended by the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) and the National Environment Policy (PNMA), this research is expected to contribute to the elaboration of a theoretical model of integrated solid waste management for Porto. Safe, based on the municipal MSW management scenario, with proposals for encouraging environmental education (EA), aimed at raising public awareness about waste separation, the installation of voluntary delivery points and the creation of an association of recyclable waste pickers. Thus, society, organizations and municipal management will contribute to the reduction of MSW destined for the dump, increasing the useful life of this site, favoring the elimination of outbreaks of disease-causing vectors, and stimulating the formality of the waste picker profession. County..

9
  • ANA LUÍSA SANTOS DE CARVALHO
  • Dynamic modeling of solid waste production and estimation of methane gas production for a future landfill site in Porto Seguro - BA

  • Advisor : FABRICIO BERTON ZANCHI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • FABRICIO BERTON ZANCHI
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • THIAGO MAFRA BATISTA
  • Data: Feb 14, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The growing increase and diversification in the production of municipal solid waste, coupled with changes in consumption habits, has made their final disposal one of the main challenges to be faced in the world. In most municipalities in Brazil, this problem is aggravated by inadequate dumping in the open without proper treatment. This reality is no different for Porto Seguro - BA, which has an open dump causing many environmental problems. In this sense, the objective of this work was to perform the dynamic modeling of solid waste production and estimation of methane gas production for a future landfill in Porto Seguro - BA. Three sectors represented by the local and floating population were chosen to perform the characterization and the adopted methodology was the quartering proposed by NBR 10.007 of ABNT. Characterization data were modeled using Stella software to estimate waste production over a 20-year period. At the same time, an equipment with sensors is being developed and calibrated to estimate methane gas production in the municipal dump. Preliminary results indicate the predominant presence of organic matter for the three sectors, with the highest percentage for the neighborhoods of Centro and Arraial D'Ajuda district. While hotels on the waterfront have found a significant amount of materials such as plastic, PET, paper and cardboard. The daily production of waste in the municipality in low season is 150 tons and in high season is 212.5 tons, with average per capita production of approximately 1.5 kg / day. While the modeling of solid waste production indicated the cumulative total of 1,518,183.46 tons at the end of the 20-year period, of which 622,455.22 tons correspond to the production of organic waste. Regarding the development of the equipment, the calibration of the sensors of soil moisture (YL-69), soil temperature (NTC thermistor) and air pressure, temperature and humidity (BME280) presented satisfactory results for use in the field. Given the above, it is concluded from the preliminary results that the waste from the local population is predominantly organic and can be destined for energy generation and / or for fertilizer production through the composting process. Waste produced by tourism can be reused through recycling, helping to reduce urban solid waste that goes to the dump. In terms of equipment development, it has a technical and economic advantage and real-time monitoring will contribute to planning and assist decision-making.

10
  • REINALDO BRANDI ABREU BIFANO
  • "ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT BIOINDICATORS AS A WATER QUALITY ASSESSMENT TOOL IN THE SOUTH OF BAHIA".

  • Advisor : MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • LEONARDO THOMPSON DA SILVA
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • Data: Feb 14, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • In times of technological development, water must be used in a rational way to preserve its quality, since the environmental impacts affect the diversity of the biota, altering the sanitary conditions and consequently throwing matter or energy in disagreement with parameters of environmental quality, resulting directly or indirectly in damages to the health, safety and wellbeing of the populations. In this way, the physical, chemical and biological characteristics are indicators of the quality of water bodies, therefore it is necessary to monitor them to obtain information related to environmental conditions, serving as an aid for analysis and search for mitigating actions for the conservation and sustainable use of waters. The present study aims to evaluate the quality of water bodies (Rio Jardim and Mutari) in the extreme south of Bahia by physico-chemical and biological parameters. For the analysis of the data, CONAMA Resolution No. 357 was used. Some of the parameters were measured directly in situ with the help of the HANNA HI 9828 instruments multi-parameter probe for the determination of the parameters of dissolved oxygen, pH, Total Dissolved Solids ), conductivity, temperature, turbidity and salinity. Chemical analyzes were carried out at the Chemistry Laboratories of the Federal Institute of Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA - Campus Porto Seguro). The methodologies used for the water analysis were those proposed by the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (AWWA, APHA, WCI, 2005). Considering all the results obtained from the water compartment of the two rivers it is noted that there were some variables that presented results in disagreement with the reference values proposed by CONAMA Resolution nº 357/2005. The variables OD, pH, total phosphorus and BOD were sometimes influenced by natural characteristics, sometimes suffered some kind of anthropic contamination, since these rivers present characteristics such as the presence of erosions, absence of ciliary forest in some sections, siltation that can often occur. be caused by animal trampling and inappropriate land use and occupation by residents near rivers. It is recommended a more in-depth analysis on the quality of watercourses and also collections made in a larger space of time in order to understand the influence of seasonality and temporal factors on water quality.

11
  • LEINAH SILVA SOUZA
  • Bioprospecting of bioactive molecule of the Atlantic Forest of the South of Bahia.

  • Advisor : LUCIANO DA SILVA LIMA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • FORICEA MAGALHÃES ARAÚJO
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • Data: Mar 2, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The human being uses plant species for medicinal treatments for a long time and several substances have already been isolated, however, many compounds are still unknown due to the great biodiversity in the plant kingdom. Such compounds derived from plants can have beneficial actions on human health. This potentiality of biomolecules is due to the effects of metabolites, such as the antioxidant action and inhibition of enzymes, such as α-glycosidase and acetylcholinesterase. These enzymes, along with the excessive production of free radicals in the body, are associated with pathological processes such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, HIV infections and tumors. Inhibitors of such enzymes have a moderate effect and cause large side effects, necessitating the identification of compounds with more effective action. Thus, the objective of this research is to find bioactive plant species of the Atlantic Forest inhibitor of the enzyme α-glycosidase, acetylcholinesterase and with antioxidant action. Based on this, samples of Clusia nemorosa, Copaifera lucens, Neomarica portosecurensis, Miconia albicans, Croton celtidifolius, Schnella angulosa and Virola gardneri were analyzed for antioxidant activity using the DPPH free radical sequestration method and evaluation of phenolic contents and total flavonoids. The results indicate that all species have antioxidant activity, with different phenolic and flavonoid contents. The research is under way, and therefore such results are partial and further analysis will be carried out.

12
  • DANILLO SANTOS DE ANDRADE
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WATER VEHICLE DISEASES AND PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL 
    PARAMETERS IN THE STATE OF BAHIA
  • Advisor : NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • MARCIA NUNES BANDEIRA RONER
  • Data: Mar 26, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Concern with the assessment and implementation of environmental protection has been gaining space and discussions for the awareness of society and the need for effective maintenance of ecosystems. This study addresses issues of public and environmental health and demonstrates the importance of water quality analysis of hydrographic regions of the state of Bahia and their health micro-regions. The objective is to make a correlation between the occurrence of waterborne diseases of the state and the indicators of physical, chemical and microbiological parameters of water following the resolution of the National Environment Council - CONAMA 357/2005. Health data were acquired through the Hospital Information System (SIH / SUS) of the Health Portal of the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), where notifications were used according to the system of hospitalizations of parasitic and infectious diseases through the direct and indirect contact of contaminated water. Pearson's correlation test was performed between Waterborne Diseases and Water Quality Index in 28 health microregions and 25 hydrographic regions correlating with 13 diseases provided by DATA SUS. After evaluation of the indicators, it was observed that several microregions showed direct relationships with water quality variables, such as total nitrogen, dissolved oxygen, total phosphorus and temperature, related to amoebiasis, schistosomiasis, viral hepatitis, cholera and parasitic infectious diseases. , mainly in the Porto Seguro, Jacobina, Santo Antonio de Jesus, Barreiras, Juazeiro, Ilhéus, Itabuna and Valença microregions. By understanding the results, we can collaborate on future public health interventions to improve water quality, thereby reducing the disease transmission chain.

13
  • KARINY DE OLIVEIRA PAIVA
  • Ethnobotanical characterization of the Caravelas fishing community, APA Ponta da Baleia/Abrolhos

  • Advisor : JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • CRISTIANA BARROS NASCIMENTO COSTA
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • TAINA SORAIA MULLER
  • Data: Mar 27, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The processesof occupation of the Atlantic Forest implieda great loss of biodiversity, which contributed to the original forest being significantly fragmented. Little is known about the biodiversity of the Far south region of Bahia and there is almost no data on the sustainable use of natural resources, as in the Caravelas area at the APA Ponta da Baleia/Abrolhos. The communities that live there have peculiarities, customs and have great knowledge about the space where they live and they are the main actors to describe, in detail, the complexity of the space. Thus, the objective of this work is to survey the plants used by fishermen and shellfish in this area, in order to understand how and why these people select the plants to use and what the implications of this use for their livelihood and conservation of local biodiversity. For this, semi-structured interviews are being conducted, according to the “Snowball” technique, in the communities of the municipality's headquarters, as well as in Ponta de Areia and Barra de Caravelas. The species mentioned will be collected, with the help of the guided tour, then pressed, identified and deposited in the herbarium. Geraldo C. P. Costa of the UFSB. Analyzes of qualitative and quantitative data are being performed and already have significant results.The qualitative sought to understand the relationship between man and plant and if there is aggregation to cultural values, while quantitative evaluations interpreted the data by calculating the value of uses of species. To date, 27 interviews have been conducted and 110 species have been recorded through the reports and eleven use categories have been identified, the most cited being the medicinal use category. It was possible to verify that female respondents cited a higher number of herbaceous plant species and male species of woody species. According to reports, fishermen select the species from an ancient knowledge, passed down from generation to generation, and have a habit of conducting entirely empirical experiments based on the speech of one community or another and what they learned from family members. They have extensive knowledge regarding the use of plant species, which is a knowledge passed on through the generations.

14
  • TICIANE DOS SANTOS VIANA
  • NÃO APRESENTADO PELA MESTRANDO.

  • Advisor : FABIANA CEZAR FELIX HACKRADT
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALEXANDRE SCHIAVETTI
  • CYBELLE MENOLLI LONGHINI
  • ERIK COSTA TEDESCO
  • FABIANA CEZAR FELIX HACKRADT
  • Data: Mar 30, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • NÃO APRESENTADO PELA MESTRANDO.

15
  • LEONILTON CAGY SILVA
  • Modeling of methane emission through the IPCC method for the production of municipal solid waste from Porto Seguro-Ba

  • Advisor : ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • FELIPE MICALI NUVOLONI
  • LENIR SILVA ABREU
  • Data: May 12, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Waste is currently one of the biggest environmental problems related to methane gas (CH4) emissions, one of the main greenhouse gases, due to the consequent population increase and solid waste generation. To determine the production of methane gas (CH4) in the Porto Seguro -BA dump, through dynamic modeling by the IPCC method, for the next 20 years, as well as an analysis of the energy viability. In order to know the percentage of organic waste to be used in the model, a solid waste characterization produced in Porto Seguro -BA was made through gravimetric composition analysis by the quartering sampling method of waste production at the researched site. We found 44.51% of organic waste, 15.56% of paper and cardboard, 3.11% of wood and 6.07% of tissues and diapers. The data were used as parameters of the Stella mathematical model. The following results were found: waste deposition growth from 150t / day to 215.5t / day in 20 years, CH4 emissions in the dump at 27.598.752,04 m³ / CH4 / in 20 years, generation potential of 22,709.09 kWh as well as opportunities for Clean Development Mechanism projects and to have access to carbon credits with a return of 13,605,630 reais with the commercialization of methane in the carbon market. These results may contribute to the execution of social and environmental public policies and projects for the use of biogas, as well as making the execution profitable and viable for its implementation

16
  • EMILLY DA SILVA FARIAS
  • Changes in land use and behavior hydrological hydrographic basins of the rivers Peruípe, Itanhém and Jucuruçu, Bahia
  • Advisor : JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • CATARINA DA ROCHA MARCOLIN
  • Data: Dec 4, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Land use activities, even in small proportions, are capable of causing interference in the hydrological behavior of river basins. Due to the fact that the substitution of native vegetation by anthropic activities is taking place on increasingly larger scales, it is necessary to analyze and understand its effects and consequences on the water availability of the basins. Therefore, this work sought to analyze the influence that changes in land use and occupation have on the hydrological behavior of the hydrographic basins of the Peruípe, Itanhém and Jucuruçu rivers, located in the identity territory of the Extreme South of Bahia. For this purpose, data from the historical series of the fluviometric stations located in the drainage areas of the studied watersheds, imported from the HidroWeb portal of the National Water and Sanitation Agency, were used. From these, the annual hydrological variables were obtained: maximum, average and minimum flows. The data related to the size of the area, extension and class delimitation were provided by the Forestry Forum of the Extreme South of Bahia. The data analysis was performed by comparing the maps of land use and occupation and the areas occupied by the 18 classes analyzed, thus verifying the changes that occurred in each period. Subsequently, the association of the data was made through quantitative analysis performed in the software SAS University Edition, where simple statistical correlations between the variables were obtained. The Itanhém and Jucuruçu river basins presented pastures as the predominant activity in their territory, occupying an area equivalent to 66.1% and 62.9%, respectively. The Peruípe river basin is currently occupied by pastures (32.4%) and eucalyptus (32.1%). The expansion of areas for livestock (Itanhém and Jucuruçu) occurred due to the suppression of areas of native vegetation, which suffered a significant decrease in these basins. It is believed that the fact that the basins are occupied predominantly by anthropic activities, is directly contributing to the reduction of these flows, since the correlation analysis has shown that the expansion of these areas has influenced the decrease in minimum flows. Therefore, it is necessary to balance economic objectives with the environmental damage that such cultures cause, through public policies that guarantee preventive planning and management, in order to guarantee security in the water availability of these basins.

17
  • SAMUEL DIAS SANTOS
  • Identification of priority areas for the recovery of native vegetation, in the Buranhém River basin, with the help of spatial modeling multicriteria
  • Advisor : ALLÍVIA ROUSE CARREGOSA RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • CATARINA DA ROCHA MARCOLIN
  • Data: Dec 4, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The suppression of native vegetation and their replacement by agricultural crops, among other land uses, can promote soil erosion and interference in the hydrological cycle of a watershed. However, some of these degraded areas are permitted to be used under environmental legislation, while there are areas that could not have been cleared due to the legal restrictions on use. It is important to know, then, how to identify which of these areas can be used and which need to be restored to their original vegetation. In this sense, the objective of this study was to apply Multicriteria Analysis techniques to identify the priority areas for the recovery of native vegetation, in the Buranhém watershed, located in the states of Minas Gerais and Bahia. Initially, it was necessary to delimit the hydrographic basin and identify its drainage network. For this purpose, the accuracy of the automatic delimitation methods was evaluated using digital elevation models (DEMs), and the results were compared with those obtained by manual vectoring. It was also made the identification of areas with restrictions on use and suppression of their native vegetation cover, such as the Permanent Preservation Areas (APPs) and Legal Reserve (RL), checking for land use conflicts. In addition to the APPs and RLs, eight other criteria were included in the spatial modeling, whose order of importance was established according to the weights obtained from the Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP). The modeling was elaborated with map algebra techniques applied with the method of weighted linear combination (WLC), in a GIS environment, resulting in a synthesis map with the hierarchy of priority areas for recovery. The results presented in this study can assist competent institutions in investigating cases with evidence of non-compliance with environmental legislation, as well as assisting in the planning of river basins, optimizing the application of resources and efforts aimed at the recovery of priority degraded areas.

18
  • RAQUEL VIANA QUINELATO
  • Integrated analysis of urban impacts in the Caraíva River estuary and groundwater in the Vila de Caraíva

     
     
     
     
     
  • Advisor : ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • DANIEL DE CASTRO LIMA
  • LEONARDO THOMPSON DA SILVA
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • Data: Dec 22, 2020
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Water is one of the most important natural resources, an essential asset for the environment and for life. Because of this and its decreasing quality in several springs, caused mainly by the indiscriminate use of this resource and the surrounding areas, its monitoring is increasingly necessary in order to ensure responsible and lasting management. Therefore, due to the lack of continuous monitoring of the Caraíva River estuary, the lack of a sewage system in Vila de Caraíva (Porto Seguro, BA), an area of rare scenic beauty and of great tourist importance, and based on requests on the part of the community so that studies in this area could be carried out in the region, this work aims to determine the quality of the underground water of Vila de Caraíva and the surface waters of the Caraíva River estuary and its compatibility with its multiple uses. For that, analyzes were performed of Hydrogenionic Potential (pH), Total Dissolved Solids (SDT), Salinity, turbidity, Hardness, Chloride, Nitrate, Nitrite, Ammonia, Iron and Total and Thermotolerant Coliforms, of 24 wells, and the results were analyzed accordingly with the recommendations in Conama No. 396/2008, in Ordinance No. 5/2017, with the method of interpolation by Kriging and analysis of use and occupation of the area of influence of the wells and their correlation with water quality. In the Caraíva River estuary, six sampled points were selected during three campaigns to analyze water quality, where pH, Temperature, Dissolved Oxygen (OD), SDT, Conductivity, Salinity, Turbidity, Total and Thermotolerant Coliforms, Biochemical Demand of Oxygen (BOD), Nitrate, Nitrite, Total Nitrogen, Chlorophyll-a, Ammonia, Iron, Chloride, Total Phosphorus, Dissolved Phosphorus, and Total Solids. The results were analyzed according to what is recommended by Conama nº 357/2005, based on the calculation of the Water Quality Index (IQA), Principal Component Analysis (ACP) and the use and occupation of the basin's soil. Among the results obtained in the analysis of the quality of groundwater, discrepant values to the legislate were found for Chloride (15.35 to 358.24 mgL-1), Nitrate (0.10 to 15.79 mgL-1), pH (5 , 09 to 8.51), Thermotolerant Coliforms (3.0 to 1100.0 NMP100mL-1), SDT (24.0 to 1592.0 mgL-1), Iron (0.68 to 27.27 mgL-1) and Turbidity (6.10 to 41.00 NTU), being, according to the analyzes carried out, directly related to the inadequate sanitary sewage in the Vila and the characteristics of the region's soil. For the water quality results of the Caraíva River estuary, discrepant values were verified to the legislated for Total Phosphorus (5.99 to 0.02 mgL-1), Ammonia (0.01 to 3.86 mgL-1), Nitrate ( 0.05 to 1.08 mgL-1), OD (7.85 to 2.64 mgL-1), BOD (15.78 to 3.60 mgL-1), Iron (6.07 to 0.29 mgL-1), Chlorophyll a (5.15 to 33.62 µgL-1), pH (8.10 to 5.43), Total Nitrogen (0.06 to 3.41 mgL-1), mainly related to activities human activities carried out in the region. The results of the IQA indicated that the water in the estuary is classified as having a good and acceptable quality. ACP has already demonstrated that there is a positive relationship between water quality and rainfall. In view of this, it is essential to take actions by the public authorities and the population that aim to adapt the sewage system in the Vila, given the importance of valuing environmental health, well-being and tourist attractiveness in the region.

     
     
     
     
     
2019
Dissertations
1
  • RICARDO ALMEIDA CUNHA
  • Polypus: Low-cost probe for analysis of physico-chemical parameters in surface waters

  • Advisor : MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • LUIZ CLÁUDIO MACHADO DOS SANTOS
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • SEBASTIÃO PINHEIRO GONÇALVES DE CERQUEIRA NETO
  • Data: Apr 17, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The low availability in the market of low cost multiparameter probes that allow the data collection and access to its results in real time remotely, led to the development of this research. This work presented a contribution in the creation and implementation of an integrated system (hardware and software), called Polypus, which is based on the analysis of surface water through the use of temperature, pH, salinity, electroconductivity, dissolved oxygen and solid total dissolved in microcontroller platform, aiming its application in a water system to evaluate the results in its temporal and spatial variations. To meet the proposal, a prototype of an integrated system with sensors manufactured by the company Dfrobot in Arduino Mega platform was created. And finally developed a program to control the integrated system as well as storage / transmission of collected data. The research was carried out in the laboratory and samples of the evaluated waters from the mouth of the Buranhém River, the Mundaí River and the Bahia Waters and Sanitation Company (EMBASA). The Prototype also has a SIM800L GSM data transmission module, a micro-SD storage module, two external batteries, a shield sensor module and a LCD display. The data were obtained from the Polypus prototype and the Hanna HI 9828 multi-parameter probe. The results were compared and by simple comparison an analytical behavior of the devices could be verified, showing that there were no significant differences in the results. The cost of the prototype was approximately R$ 1,500.00 versus the cost of a multiparameter probe that is approximately R$ 10,500.00. The results presented so far showed the reliability in the use of the prototype developed at low cost in the projects of environmental analysis.

2
  • MICHELE DA SILVA FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • Pollen analysis of honeys from the Discovery Coast, Bahia State, Brazil

  • Advisor : JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • OLIVIA MARIA PEREIRA DUARTE
  • PAULINO PEREIRA OLIVEIRA
  • Data: Apr 17, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • Due to the lack of knowledge about the apicultural flora of the Discovery Coast of Bahia State, in this research we aimed to carry out a pollen analysis of honey samples produced in that region, through melissopalinology – a tool to identify the flora used by bees. The dissertation is organized in two chapters: 1) Melissopalynological characterization of honey from the Discovery Coast, Bahia, Brazil, and 2) Honeys of aroeira, eucalyptus and velame: does palynology confirm such predominant flowering indicated by beekeepers? We colected 21 honey samples of Apis mellifera L., from November 2017 to August 2018, directly from beekeepers.We acetolysed all honey samples and the slides were deposited on palinoFLORAS/UFSB. We identified the pollen types present in the honeys by comparison with the descriptions from the specialized literature and later we counted at least 500 pollen grains per sample, determining the frequency classes: predominant pollen, secondaru, important minor and minor pollen. We determined the botanical affinity of 44 pollen types, distributed in 34 genera and 22 families. Four predominant pollen types were recorded: Brosimum, Cecropia, Eucalyptus sp.1 and Mimosa pudica. In relation to the principal component analysis, we showed the grouping formation due to the presence of the pollen types Mimosa pudica (Mp), 2 - Eucalyptus sp.1 (Euc sp1) and 3 - Cecropia (Cec). In the palynological analysis of honeys indicated as having a predominant flowering, we recorded the following predominant pollen types: Eucalyptus, Myrcia and Vernonia. Two samples with indicated predominant flowering of velame (Croton spp., Euphorbiaceae) and aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, Anacardiaceae) presented no pollen types related to these botanical species. Among the five samples indicated to be of predominant flowering of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp., Myrtaceae), one had no predominant flowering indicated by palynology, and another one showed the pollen type Eucalyptus sp. as predominant pollen; the other samples presented it as a secondary pollen. Although some honeys samples indicated as having a predominant flowering have not correctly reflected these botanical origins, in 57% of the analyzed material, pollen types similar to those indicated as predominant appeared in the pollen spectrum of honeys from the Bahia Discovery Coast.

3
  • FÁBIO FERNANDES CORREA
  • The New Forest Code and rural properties in the extreme south of Bahia: a recent methodological approach to environmental monitoring

  • Advisor : ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • GABRIELA NAREZI
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • PATRICIA AURELIA DEL NERO
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • Data: Apr 29, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The present study seeks to understand the system that involves environmental protection legislation, including the Atlantic Forest biome, through the verification of the situation of rural properties in the extreme south of Bahia. We describe how the Public Prosecutor's Office worked to restore permanent preservation areas and legal reserve areas, through conduct adjustment terms (TAC), in which those responsible for rural properties have committed to their environmental regularization. The choice of the theme arose from the need to evaluate the commitments assumed, through mechanisms that allow to carry out a monitoring of the environmentally protected areas, with the consequent guarantee of the fundamental right to the ecologically balanced environment. In spite of the obligation of the Public Prosecutor´s Office to supervise TACs, for these instruments there are no standardized means for environmental monitoring. To fill this gap, through the results obtained, the research proposes a method of analysis to verify compliance with the New Forest Code. The methodology used in this research consisted of a bibliographical and normative review, as well as the analysis and comparison of images of Google Earth among the latest available and dates close to the TACs signed in 2012, covering 318 rural properties. The shapefiles were extracted from the State Forest Registry of Rural Property (CEFIR) and a qualitative evaluation to compare the situations of the permanent preservation and legal reserve areas was carried out. The results indicate that in 128 (40.25%) of the total rural properties, the situation of the protected areas was maintained; there was an increase in forest cover in 75 (23.58%); in 14 (4.40%) there was a decrease of vegetation; it was not possible to perform the analyzes in 101 (31.76%) areas. Even if the restorations are within the period established in the legislation, the large number of maintenance of the protected areas may indicate that other actions need to be adopted, in addition to the conduct adjustment terms, for the correct adequacy of rural properties. In observing the decrease in forest cover, an immediate inspection by the competent environmental agency is required. In the event of an increase, maintenance or impaired analysis, the Public Prosecutor´s Office may notify the committed landowner to adopt measures for the registration or corrections of the rural property in CEFIR. Not being the case of inspection or notification, there will only be a future monitoring of the environmental situation of the properties. In this sense, the results propose that the notification of the committed landowner to register or correct CEFIR in 204 (64.15%) of the analyzes occurs. 64 (20.12%) cases indicate the need for an inspection by the environmental agency; and in 50 (15.72%) properties will be given continuity to the monitoring. It was concluded that, even if there is a gap between the intention of the legislator and what is observed in practice for environmental protection, this research demonstrates that there are tools that can help in the real implementation of laws, including positive practical implications for the performance of Public Prosecutor´s Office.

4
  • GABRIELA MATEUS DE FONTES SILVA
  • Influence of land use and occupation on the water availability of the Buranhém river basin

  • Advisor : JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • DANILO PAULUCIO DA SILVA
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • Data: Apr 29, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The land uses and occupations are directly or indirectly related to the main impacts that cause environmental degradation, deserving special attention the impacts in the watersheds. This work aimed to verify the influence of the alteration of the land use and occupation in the water availability of the Buranhém  river basin, located in the 4th Region of Planning and Management of the Waters of the state of Bahia. The work was divided in three stages: I. temporal analysis of the land use and occupation; II. Study of hydrological behavior; and  III. Joint analysis of hydrological data and land use and occupation by correlation. To delimit the study area a Hydrologically Consistent Digital Elevation Model (HCDEM) was made using raster images of the SRTM base. The hydrometeorological data were obtained from series of rainfall and fluviometric stations with influence area in the basin. These were imported into the National Water Agency's (ANA) website, and used to determine the average, minimum and maximum annual and mean annual discharge series and annual total rainfall series. Land use data from 1990, 2001, 2007 and 2013 were provided by the Forest Forum of the Extreme South of Bahia, and the annual land cover data from 1985 to 2017 were imported on the project platform MapBiomas. Deforestation in the region precedes the study period, since the first year the pasture was already the matrix of the landscape, mainly in the upper Buranhém region, between 1985 and 1991 the loss of native vegetation was significant, being replaced by pasture, which began to be replaced by the Eucalyptus monoculture and forest vegetation in the initial stage of regeneration after 2001. The results showed that the river is less regularized, with a strong influence of the annual precipitation, which variability possibly related to the El Niño phenomenon (ENSO). The correlation analyzes showed an inverse relationship between forest vegetation and Q50 and Q95 permanence flows, which means that vegetation growth decreases water availability due to increased evapotranspiration. The influence of the Ombrophylous Dense Forest, as well as the land uses, were not demonstrated due to the methodological limitations, on the other hand, the strong correlations between the flows and rainfall demonstrated the possibility to generate an empirical model of rain-flow transformation.

5
  • ANDRESSA TAVARES SILVA
  • Study of the sensitivity and tolerance to the increase of the concentration of nutrients in coral larvae

  • Advisor : ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • LAURA FERNANDES DE BARROS MARANGONI
  • MARCUS LUCIANO SOUZA DE FERREIRA BANDEIRA
  • SILVIO TAROU SASAKI
  • Data: Apr 30, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • Anthropogenic activities strongly affect aquatic ecosystems, causing changes in their form, original composition, and compromising the existing communities. In addition, environmental stressors are important bioindicators of the health of numerous organisms, such as reefs, since they respond physiologically to these conditions. In this way, the objective of this work was to study the effects of the increase of dissolved inorganic nutrients and the temperature in the tolerance of larvae of Agaricia humilis. The study was conducted in the microcosm of the Projeto Coral Vivo, simulating nutrient concentration conditions of 8.5 and 46 μmol L-1 for ammonium and 1 and 8 μmol L-1 for nitrate, as well as the mixtures in solutions prepared with water saline, and temperature of 32° C and 26 ° C, to which we subjected the larvae. As a response, there was a significant effect of temperature (up to 78% at 32 ° C). However, surviving free larvae presented higher oxidative damage at high concentrations of nutrients and low temperatures. Thus, this study highlights the importance of monitoring reef environments, as well as the need for a more detailed study of the physiological health of corals, since only mortality rates do not express the consequence of global and local stressors in coral survival.

6
  • CRISTIANE RABELO SANTOS
  • PROJECT STRATEGIES FOR BETTER ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE IN TEACHING SPACES: A CASE STUDY IN PORTO SEGURO

  • Advisor : ASHER KIPERSTOK FIRST
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ASHER KIPERSTOK FIRST
  • ALLÍVIA ROUSE CARREGOSA RABBANI
  • LEONARDO EVANGELISTA MORAES
  • MARIA LIDIANE MARQUES
  • Data: Oct 17, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The way human interventions are performed in the physical environment generate social, environmental, economic and ecosystem impacts, abbreviated in this research as “integrated impacts” that can be negative or positive. While impacts can aggravate resource scarcity on the one hand, they can mitigate various risks, positively contributing to species survival, improvements in quality of life, use of renewable resources, and other positive outcomes. Urban Architects, designers and managers are city development actors and act with responsibilities commensurate with the impacts generated at the intervention sites. The Higher Education Institution has high potential to transform the reality of the physical environment, because by becoming a good example, it can infect people and form multipliers agents of good practices that improve environmental performances in the places where they live. This potential educator can be directed to Sustainability, a challenge that motivated the research focusing on the themes of Ecoefficiency and Bioclimatology applied to Architecture and Urbanism. It was chosen as object of study the Campus of the Federal University of Southern Bahia in Porto Seguro. The research was structured based on the Low Impact Good Practice Technical Literature Review and the Exploratory Research that involves field visits and interviews at national and international universities to experience practices with high environmental performance, including project strategies applied at the University of São Paulo at Freie Universität Berlin and projects developed at German technology universities such as the Waldorf School Uhlandshöhe - Zero Energy School, presented at the Technological University of Munich and the Ventilation System developed at the Braunschweig Technological University. As a result, guidelines, project strategies and actions that can direct project development to improve environmental performance of teaching spaces and their headquarters are recommended. Through example pedagogy, it is feasible to reduce integrated impacts by developing projects and actions that sensitize campus users to adopt conscious consumption practices. One of the University's missions can be to bring Sustainability society closer, being a good example, exercising its educating role, spreading students, staff and visitors who can replicate actions, reducing negative impacts wherever they go. Experiencing good practices in the teaching space contributes to making it a Sustainability Laboratory, where environmental actions and technologies aimed at the renewal of natural resources are developed.

7
  • NELIANA DE SOUZA RIBEIRO
  • CIVIL ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE JUDICIAL DECISIONS OF PUBLIC CIVIL ACTIONS IN THE BEACH SHACKS IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF PORTO SEGURO.

  • Advisor : ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • LEONARDO EVANGELISTA MORAES
  • NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • DAVID SANTOS FONSECA
  • Data: Oct 25, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The Federal Constitution of 1988 affirms the environment as a fundamental right, assigning the duty of its protection to the Government and the Community. Within the constitutional normative, standard institution competences are observed to the environmental management, establishing a set of measures for the full protection of the ecosystem. Apparently, this constitutional guarantee does not protect the natural resources against the exacerbated consumption and the frantic exploitation. This creates a system in which the Government, in addition to not restraining environmental damage, sometimes promotes the unreasonable usage of the ecosystems. In the local context, the Municipalities have an objective responsibility of managing the natural resources in a shared manner with other state entities. Notwithstanding, the Municipality of Porto Seguro has omitted itself regarding this duty and it is still fostering the irregular use of the Coastal Zone, issuing permits to the construction, operation, sanitation, amongst others for the irregular business ventures at the shoreline. Thus, this research aims to analyze the decisions rendered at the Public Civil Action head office, and to verify the responsibility of the Government in face of the irregular occupancy and the economical exploitation of the beach and Navy’s shoreline land, not only by individuals, but also by corporate bodies of Private Law, particularly in the shoreline of Porto Seguro, in Bahia. It also aims to assess if this Procedural Legal Institute fulfill its purpose of protecting the environment. For the understanding of the subject a theoretical study was carried out with the intention of analyzing a) the distribution of competences, b) the environmental responsibility, and c) the Costal Zone management. A documental research was conducted in Eunapólis’ Federal Justice website, in which it was shown 75 Public Civil Actions, giving data for the analysis of the judicial decisions that have determined the maintenance or demolition of the beach shacks. The results state that the Public entities’ omission engaged in the procedural relation contributed to the occupation and construction of economical ventures in an irregular manner, causing environmental damages in the permanent protection area, such as sandbank suppression, mangrove landfill, as well as privatization of stretch of beach, in creating obstacles to the circulation of people. The lawsuits signal the continuity of the detrimental activities, even in face of a judgment, due to interposition of the defendant’s appeal. It is observed that the Public Civil Action is an efficient procedural instrument of environmental protection to signal the responsible for the harmful deeds, identifying the agents that cause this damage. However, it has limitations and it finds obstacles in face of the justice’s slowness and the rules of procedure, in which the lawsuits takes about 9 years for a conviction, without identifying in details the type of environmental damage existing, due to the inexistence of investigation, in case of most PCA. For the defense of Porto Seguro’s shoreline, it is necessary that the environmental issue’s judicialization becomes an exception, which it will only be possible in face of a proactive management of the Municipality Executive Power, fully executing the duties established by the legislation, promoting public policies and creating a change in the pattern of the Coastal Zone’s economical exploitation by the community.

8
  • NELIANA DE SOUZA RIBEIRO
  • CIVIL ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE JUDICIAL DECISIONS OF PUBLIC CIVIL ACTIONS IN THE BEACH SHACKS IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF PORTO SEGURO.

  • Advisor : ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • LEONARDO EVANGELISTA MORAES
  • NADSON RESSYE SIMOES DA SILVA
  • DAVID SANTOS FONSECA
  • Data: Oct 25, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The Federal Constitution of 1988 affirms the environment as a fundamental right, assigning the duty of its protection to the Government and the Community. Within the constitutional normative, standard institution competences are observed to the environmental management, establishing a set of measures for the full protection of the ecosystem. Apparently, this constitutional guarantee does not protect the natural resources against the exacerbated consumption and the frantic exploitation. This creates a system in which the Government, in addition to not restraining environmental damage, sometimes promotes the unreasonable usage of the ecosystems. In the local context, the Municipalities have an objective responsibility of managing the natural resources in a shared manner with other state entities. Notwithstanding, the Municipality of Porto Seguro has omitted itself regarding this duty and it is still fostering the irregular use of the Coastal Zone, issuing permits to the construction, operation, sanitation, amongst others for the irregular business ventures at the shoreline. Thus, this research aims to analyze the decisions rendered at the Public Civil Action head office, and to verify the responsibility of the Government in face of the irregular occupancy and the economical exploitation of the beach and Navy’s shoreline land, not only by individuals, but also by corporate bodies of Private Law, particularly in the shoreline of Porto Seguro, in Bahia. It also aims to assess if this Procedural Legal Institute fulfill its purpose of protecting the environment. For the understanding of the subject a theoretical study was carried out with the intention of analyzing a) the distribution of competences, b) the environmental responsibility, and c) the Costal Zone management. A documental research was conducted in Eunapólis’ Federal Justice website, in which it was shown 75 Public Civil Actions, giving data for the analysis of the judicial decisions that have determined the maintenance or demolition of the beach shacks. The results state that the Public entities’ omission engaged in the procedural relation contributed to the occupation and construction of economical ventures in an irregular manner, causing environmental damages in the permanent protection area, such as sandbank suppression, mangrove landfill, as well as privatization of stretch of beach, in creating obstacles to the circulation of people. The lawsuits signal the continuity of the detrimental activities, even in face of a judgment, due to interposition of the defendant’s appeal. It is observed that the Public Civil Action is an efficient procedural instrument of environmental protection to signal the responsible for the harmful deeds, identifying the agents that cause this damage. However, it has limitations and it finds obstacles in face of the justice’s slowness and the rules of procedure, in which the lawsuits takes about 9 years for a conviction, without identifying in details the type of environmental damage existing, due to the inexistence of investigation, in case of most PCA. For the defense of Porto Seguro’s shoreline, it is necessary that the environmental issue’s judicialization becomes an exception, which it will only be possible in face of a proactive management of the Municipality Executive Power, fully executing the duties established by the legislation, promoting public policies and creating a change in the pattern of the Coastal Zone’s economical exploitation by the community.

9
  • GREYCE BONJARDIM DA SILVA CARMO
  • Environmental Perception of the Arara Community in Teixeira de Freitas (ba)

  • Advisor : ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • ANGELA MARIA GARCIA
  • FREDERICO MONTEIRO NEVES
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • Data: Oct 29, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Environmental perception has become a fundamental operative concept for understanding the relationship between man and nature. Therefore, a necessary tool for the development and proposition of different intervention actions based on the situated understanding of these relations within the Identity Territories and the singularities of their populations. Given this, this research aims to investigate the environmental perception of residents of Arara, rural Teixeirense community in Bahia, centrally in the relationship between different generations and the consideration of external pressures on the community. This study is based on the literature on environmental perception, the scope of the Theory of Social Representations and the discussion on environmental perception in rural communities. In addition, it uses the conceptsof territory, valued landscapeand topophily, coming from humanist geography, as a way to establish inferences about the representations of the research subjects. Methodologically, qualitative data collection strategies are employed, namely: a) semi-structured interviews and informal conversations with older residents of the community; b) holding drawing workshops with children; c) use of a questionnaire and conversation wheel with adolescents; besides the use of field diaries to record the observations and visits made. The use of these strategies show us that: a) somememories emerge as triggers of awareness of preserving the community's environmental resources; b) there is a finding by some older residents of the low participation of young people in the process of preservation and care related to the natural resources of the region; c) the growth of eucalyptus plantation is quite negative, due to significant changes in the environmental environment and community behavior; d) there is no effective work of awareness of children, neither in the family space, nor in the school space, regarding the characteristics of the fauna and floraof the region; e) the state absence with public policies focused on the environmental, productive and educative needs of the community.

10
  • ALINE SANTIAGO AQUINO OLIVEIRA
  • How much is a protected marine area worth? The case of the Recife de Fora Municipal Natural Park

  • Advisor : CARLOS WERNER HACKRADT
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • CARLOS WERNER HACKRADT
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • ALEXANDRE SCHIAVETTI
  • Data: Oct 29, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • Marine protected areas (MPAs) represent an important management tool for endangered natural resources, which can provide vital functions for the provision of human well-being. The present study intends to value tourism in the Recife Natural Park (PNM Recife de Fora), highlighting the economic and social impact of this ecosystem service in the community of Porto Seguro, Bahia. A systematized bibliographical review was carried out, gathering information from publications that dealt with the valuation of natural capital in protected marine areas, extracting, among other data, the habitats present in the MPAs and the frequency of the coralline environment in them. The case studies analyzed were crucial in choosing the methodology adopted, which follows the guidelines of the Cost of Travel (MCV), with the main objective of verifying the expenses destined to the tourist attractions offered by PNM Recife de Fora and the users' perception of the goods natural gifts. It is hoped, then, that the values added to the benefits of this environment become evident, thus demonstrating the complex and fragile relationship between the proper functioning of ecosystems and human survival. In the same way, the production of scientific data is another important result that can be used in the elaboration of measures and environmental planning.

11
  • FELIPE DIEGO DE OLIVEIRA
  • IoT (INTERNET OF THINGS) APPLICATION TO CREATE AN OPEN-SOURCE PROTOTYPE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING: CASE STUDY ON THE BURANHÉM RIVER

  • Advisor : ORLANDO ERNESTO JORQUERA CORTES
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • BILZA MARQUES DE ARAUJO
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • ORLANDO ERNESTO JORQUERA CORTES
  • ROBERTO MUHAJIR RAHNEMAY RABBANI
  • Data: Oct 30, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • The technologies used for environmental monitoring shows a great advance in the search for a better understanding of the environment and the climate change phenomena and other ills caused by anthropic activities. A promising low cost alternative is the use of so-called IoT - Internet of things. Recent data estimates that the approximate amount of IoT devices connected to the internet by 2025 will reach 75 billion. Within devices known as IoT the Arduino prototyping platform is the most widespread through its simplicity, and as an open-hardware has allowed other end-use devices to be developed, including the NodeMCU based on the ESP8266 microcontroller, chipset. already supporting WiFI (IEEE 802.11) networks. The objective of this paper was to develop a low cost IoT-based wireless monitoring system, connected to a wifi network, powered by solar panels in an open-source environmental monitoring prototype. called by the author of ecoIOT, in the period from May to September 2019 as a case study real-time monitoring, sent to the internet the environmental parameters (temperature, light intensity, atmospheric pressure, relative humidity) and water surface (temperature and pH) in the Buranhém river estuary in Porto Seguro, southern Bahia.

12
  • LUIZA LUCHI RAMOS SANTOS
  • Sustainable Ecoville Management: definition and governance

  • Advisor : ALLÍVIA ROUSE CARREGOSA RABBANI
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALESSANDRA BUONAVOGLIA COSTA PINTO
  • ALLÍVIA ROUSE CARREGOSA RABBANI
  • LAURA JANE GOMES
  • MARCOS EDUARDO CORDEIRO BERNARDES
  • Data: Oct 30, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

  • Show Abstract
  • This study seeks to understand the contemporary ecovillage phenomenon from a practical-theoretical perspective by crossing information between the survey of the last decade's bibliographic production on the subject and the case study of an ecovillage. By examining the texts on ecovillages and the practices of a group of individuals and their components, it is possible to verify the projection and definition of ecovill as a contemporary phenomenon and to identify the main problems related to the sustainable management of an ecovill. This research contributes to the triangulation of ecovillages and sustainable management at the theoretical and practical levels and provides an updated definition of ecovillages. The main problems are raised and the importance of conflicts and the comprehension of practical sustainability for the governance of an ecovillage and its consequences in the conviviality agreements through qualitative research are discussed. As a result, it is clear that ecovillage governance decisions, because of their perennial commitment to sustainability, are complex and must appreciate not only the economic and social dimensions but also the ecological, cultural, organizational and worldview dimensions of its members.

13
  • LOUISE GOMES PASSOS
  • Ethnobotanical Knowledge of the Divino Espírito Santo Community in the Vale Verde District, Bahia, Northeast Brazil

  • Advisor : JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ANGELA MARIA GARCIA
  • CAROLINA WEBER KFFURI
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JORGE ANTONIO SILVA COSTA
  • Data: Oct 31, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The knowledge accumulated by traditional communities is of fundamental importance for the maintenance of biological diversity, ensuring the use and rational management of natural resources. Thus, the present work aimed to make a survey through traditional knowledge, through a descriptive ethnobotanical perspective of plant species from the original territory of the Atlantic Forest used in different categories in a traditional community of the district of Vale Verde (BA). The first stage of the work dealt with the access to ethnobotanical knowledge of the local population. To this end, 13 field visits were carried out including 07 interviews with the community between April / 2018 and July / 2019. Research methods such as participant observation, informal conversations, semi-structured interviews, snowball, free listing and guided tour were used. The analysis was subsidized through the Microsoft Office Excel® 2007 program, being performed the descriptive statistics from simple tabulation, distribution of percentages, tables and figures. People identify and/or use more than 80 species of plants distributed into 09 usage categories: medicinal, ornamental, food, construction/woodworking, household use, insect repellent/insecticide, commercial, mystical use and cosmetic. Twenty-four botanical families were identified, Lamiaceae being the most cited. The part of the vegetable that had the highest significance regarding the category of use was the leaf, being mostly used in home medicine. Mostly, the place of purchase of plants for use by the population is through backyards, totaling 97.56%, followed by Mata (4.87%). It is discussed how natural resources are used and the implication of this in the conservation of the Atlantic Forest. The project shows the relevance of ethnobotany knowledge because it is perceived that the understanding of the relationship between botany and the human being serve as a way of awareness and contribution to the maintenance, environmental preservation and sustainable use of the Atlantic Forest from the knowledge.

14
  • THIARA HELENA MOTA ALMEIDA
  • INTERRELATIONS BETWEEN SOIL USE AND OCCUPATION AND INDICATORS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE IDENTITY TERRITORY OF THE SOUTH BAHIA

  • Advisor : JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ELFANY REIS DO NASCIMENTO LOPES
  • FREDERICO MONTEIRO NEVES
  • JOAO BATISTA LOPES DA SILVA
  • PAULO DIMAS ROCHA DE MENEZES
  • Data: Oct 31, 2019


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  • Unorganized urban growth and its consequences in the countryside, such as industrial agriculture and monoculture, are the main causes of land use problems. In this way, the monitoring and temporal evaluation of land use and occupation are fundamental for planning and restructuring of the territory on a sustainable basis. Through knowledge of land use, it is possible to acquire information about the conservation and anthropization levels of a given area. Based on this problem, the objective was to analyze the influence of changes in land use and occupation on the socioeconomic development of municipalities in the far south of Bahia, which has been undergoing various social and economic transformations throughout its history with the exploitation of natural resources. and land occupation. Land use and occupation data from the years 1990, 1994, 2002, 2006 and 2013, provided by the Far South Forest Forum of Bahia, and socioeconomic data from 1991, 2000 and 2010, obtained from the Development Atlas were used. FromBrazil, being correlated by Pearson's correlation (r), by matching the land use and occupation data with the socioeconomic data of 1990/1991, 2002/2000 and 2013/2010, respectively, in order to quantify the changes in the region. The territory of Alcobaça revealed eucalyptus as the class with the largest territorial occupation between 1990 and 2013. Caravelas, Mucuri and Nova Viçosa predominated with dirty pasture, but the highest growth class is eucalyptus. The cities Itamaraju, Jucuruçu and Prado showed the greatest degradation index, as the forest areas were replaced by pasture. The dynamics of the soil, in general, demonstrated the gradual increase of monoculture in the region to the detriment, above all, of pastures, forests in different stages and in smaller scale, of agriculture. In the correlation analysis of the influence of changes in land use and occupation and socioeconomic development, it was noted that the increase in the HDI accompanied the increase in areas of eucalyptus monoculture, as well as the increase in pasture quality, change of dirty pasture. through the clear pasture. The reduction in inequality, GINI index, also had a very similar behavior. In general, it is observed that the increase of socioeconomic development accompanied a strongenvironmental degradation, which suggests that the economic development model adopted in the municipality is based on the loss of environmental quality. Given this, there is a need to build another development model, which considers sustainability in its social and cultural aspects, because this model has strong pressure on the environment and its loss of quality.

15
  • MAURÍCIO DA ROCHA
  • SALT INTRUSION IN THE BURANHÉM (SOUTH BAHIA) RIVER ESTUARY THROUGH NUMERIC MODELING   

  • Advisor : ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • ALLISON GONÇALVES SILVA
  • ANGELO TEIXEIRA LEMOS
  • EDUARDO SIEGLE
  • FABRICIO BERTON ZANCHI
  • Data: Oct 31, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The city of Porto Seguro, Bahia, is a well-known tourist destination in Brazil. However, its urban infrastructure is overloaded, especially during the summer. The annual fluctuating population is approximately 10 times larger than its fixed population. A combination of growth of fixed and fluctuating variations, without medium and long term, further pressing the sanitation of the municipality, making them indispensable studies that can show the possible environmental impacts to aid in urban planning. By 2025, according to the agreement with the National Water Agency, it is estimated that the Buranhém River will also be used as financial supply management for the city. The estuary tends to decrease river flow mainly due to forest degradation in the watershed and influence of phenomena such as the southern El Niño (ENSO) oscillation. Its flow suffers great annual variation, being a historical average annual flow of 22 m³.sˉ¹. A region is subjected to an astronomical micro-tidal and meso-tidal regime with restrictions above 2m, with media speeds close to 0.4m.s-1 in flood and 1m.s-1 in ebb. The present work has as general objective or saline intrusion study in the Buranhém river estuary in scenarios of minimum flows recorded in historical series. To this end, a hydrodynamic numerical model was implemented to support local sanitation planning and to contribute to studies related to sediment transport and water quality. Scenarios were simulated under different tidal conditions and river flows. The model was calibrated and validated through field data of current velocity, water level variation and surface and bottom salinity, observed with the aid of CTD and ADCP, based on three fixed points in the estuary. The observed salinity data show a more stratified environment at neap tide compared to the spring tide, while the model showed characteristics of a well-mixed environment at both tide. Field data and modeled results were quantitatively compared using the Skill parameter. For the purpose of saline intrusion analysis, in addition to the typical tides of the region, the model was forced with minimum flows recorded in historical series (2, 4, 6 m3.s-1) and in an extreme minimum flow condition of 0.2 m3.s-1. As a result, average Skill values higher than 0.97 were obtained for the water level, under neap tides and spring tides with variations of 1 m to 2.15 m respectively. Surface and bottom salinity results were mean Skill values greater than 0.90, while horizontal velocity results with average Skill values greater than 0.77. The field data presented a saline intrusion of 9.4 km under a river discharge regime of ~ 12 m3.s-1, whereas the model represented a saline intrusion in the condition of extreme minimum flow and spring tide of approximately 17 km upstream of the estuary mouth. In simulations with minimum flow rates of (2, 4, 6 m3.s-1), the intrusion gradually decreased with the results of 13, 11 and 9.5 km, respectively. Confirming the scenario of using the Buranhém river as a source for water supply in Porto Seguro, studies such as this are a reference to determine a safer catchment region.    

16
  • MARCOS VINICIUS SANTOS LAGE
  • DEMOGRAPHY, HEALTH AND GREEN AREAS IN THE PREPARATION OF A SOCIAL ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITY INDEX IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF THE MICROREGION OF PORTO SEGURO.

  • Advisor : VANNER BOERE SOUZA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • JAILSON SANTOS DE NOVAIS
  • JOANNA MARIA DA CUNHA DE OLIVEIRA SANTOS NEVES
  • LINA RODRIGUES DE FARIA
  • VANNER BOERE SOUZA
  • Data: Nov 28, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • The knowledge of a region's vulnerability to health challenges helps to anticipate scenarios, better plan, define and operationalize coping strategies. This study developed a green area (“greenness”) socioenvironmental vulnerability index (IVSA + V), considering three dimensions: demographic, health/sanitary and environmental in the microregion of Porto Seguro, Bahia, through secondary data of ten variables, (Urban Tree Coverage; Municipal Human Development Index; Basic Education Development Index; Estimated Population; Population Density; Sanitary Exhaustion; Waste Collection; SUS Health Facilities; Child Mortality and Arboviruses), available from public agency sites. The vulnerability concept is a term still in a construction process, as it is commonly used for various areas of knowledge, and can be delimited according to its use in various fields of this plurality and variety. The  IVSA + V is a synthetic index for considering the interaction between demographic, health and environmental data, but considering urban tree coverage as one of the most important determinants of the vulnerability assessment process. The municipalities of Itagimirim, Itamaraju, Itanhém, Lajedão, Mucuri, Santa Cruz Cabralia and Vereda reported a low IVSA + V whilst the IVSA + V was moderated for most cities: Alcobaça, Caravelas, Eunápolis, Guaratinga, Ibirapuã, Itabela, Jucuruçu, Medeiros Neto, Nova Viçosa, Porto Seguro, Prado and Teixeira de Freitas. These results are in line with a recent study entitled “Metropolises, vegetation cover, green areas and health”, a study area that has been gaining prominence, suggesting that a “greener” environment, improves the resilience of cities and their populations, influencing positively on their life and health quality.

17
  • NEREIDE SANTOS LISBOA
  • Epidemiological and social-environmental issues of the Scorpionism in the Bahia Far Southern.

  • Advisor : VANNER BOERE SOUZA
  • MEMBROS DA BANCA :
  • JANE MARY DE MEDEIROS GUIMARAES
  • LEONARDO EVANGELISTA MORAES
  • LINA RODRIGUES DE FARIA
  • VANNER BOERE SOUZA
  • Data: Dec 11, 2019
  • View Dissertation/Thesis  

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  • Introduction: Scorpionism is a serious public health problem in Brazil and in the world in recent years. Those belonging to the genus Tityus, especially two species: Tityus serrulatus, and Tityus bahiensis, are recognized as scorpions of medical importance in Bahia, and are the first to be responsible for the most serious accidents. Epidemiological studies and indexes of social and environmental vulnerability have been used in order to evaluate urban social and environmental contexts and health threats, aiming at better understanding the health-disease relationship. Objective: The objective of the study is to present an epidemiological analysis and relate it to factors associated with the severity of Scorpionism, as well as to propose and test a Socio-environmental Vulnerability Index (IVSA) to scorpion accidents. Method: An ecological descriptive epidemiological study was performed with calculation of incidence, lethality and Odds ratio for factors associated with gravity, georeferencing and spatial analysis, using data from the IBGE demographic census2010 of the scorpion accidents reported in the Notification Disaster Information System, in the period 2010 a 2017 no Extremo Sul da Bahia. The software TabWin32 3.6b, Microsoft Excel 2010, Excel Calculator for sample and statistical sizes and QGIS software version 2.18 were used for data tabulation and analysis. Result: The highest incidences of scorpion accidents occurred in 2014 and 2017 and in the municipalities of Lajedão and Medeiros Neto. Ten deaths occurred during this period. Highest concentration of accidents in the rural area (62.5%), with the exception of Teixeira de Freitas, the most urbanized city in the region; in men (70.1%), age group 20-49 years (51%), literacy (51.5%), blacks (84%) and with low labor relation (22.6%). The most affected region of the body was the hand (61.9%), with predominance of mild cases (82.8%), local symptoms (92.1%). Severe pictures affect three times more people under 15 years of age (p<0,001). Analyzing the occurrence of urban Scorpions in the city of Teixeira de Freitas, where an index of social and environmental vulnerability was applied, it was evidenced that the vulnerability to accidents is linked to the low socioeconomic condition; and the more vulnerable the population is, the greater the frequency of scorpion accidents. Conclusion: there was an increase in Scorpionism and predominance of cases in rural areas, children and men. The same is a serious public health problem in the Extreme South region of Bahia. They are related to low socioeconomic conditions, both in the urban and rural environment, providing training and surveillance to reduce the epidemic. IVSA could be an useful, versatile and low-cost tool for planning the most effective public policy strategies.

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